One alternative might be Bitcoins. But what are Bitcoins? It is a virtual currency that consists of cryptographically coded data that is forgery-proof. Bitcoins enable the direct transfer from one user to the other and render intermediates like commercial banks and central banks redundant. Instead of a central third party – the central bank or commercial bank – you have a global P2P (Peer-to-Peer) network, where every user takes care of the control of the currency system. The decentralised structure avoids having single powerful players using the system in their favour or manipulating it. A major advantage of Bitcoins in contrast to the current monetary system is anonymity and cheap transaction costs.
The concept of Bitcoin was introduced publicly for the first time by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008 – a time when the global financial world was on the edge. Since then our existing monetary system has been faced with a deepening crisis of confidence and therefore the call for an alternative has become louder.