GBP/USD is trading above 1.3050, off the lows. The UK is set to ease some restrictions over the weekend, extending its gradual exit from lockdown. The US dollar is taking a break after gaining and ahead of retail sales.
The US dollar has been gaining ground once again as the bond-yield pendulum swings up again. Washington's fiscal impasse, a weak bond auction, upbeat jobless claims, and Sino-American relations will make way for retail sales figures for July.
WTI (futures on Nymex) has come under fresh selling pressure and attacks the $42 level, as risk-aversion seeps into the European session and diminishes the demand for the higher-yielding assets such as oil.
The GBP/USD (British Pound/U.S. Dollar) is the abbreviation for the British pound and U.S. dollar currency pair. Also called “the cable”, this cross belongs to the group of Majors. The GBP/USD tends to have a negative correlation with the USD/CHF and a positive correlation to the EUR/USD currency pairs. The Sterling is one of the four most liquid currencies in Forex and one of the reasons is the highly developed capital market. While 60% of the volume of foreign exchange are made via London, the GBP is not the most traded currency but is quite popular due to the good reputation of the UK monetary policy and a high interest rate.
The GBP/USD reached an all time high of 2.4546 in November 1980 and a record low of 1.042 in February 1985.
The UK will leave the EU on January 31 but will remain in the single market and customs union until December 31, 2020. Expected modest weakness in the US dollar may further limit the downside.
Apart from renewed Brexit uncertainty, investors will also take a closer look at UK economic fundamentals. The incoming data has been indicating that the UK economy is slowing down and if the recent doldrums continue or deepen further, it would set the stage for rate cut speculations and might exert some additional pressure on the pound.
The Bank of England is probably the organization that impacts the most the GBP/USD. It has a wide range of responsibilities, similar to those of most central banks around the world. It acts as the government's bank and the lender of last resort. It issues currency and, most importantly, it oversees monetary policy. Andrew Bailey is the new Governor of the Bank of England since 16 March 2020. Her Majesty the Queen has approved the appointment. He is widely and deeply respected for his leadership managing the financial crisis, developing the new regulatory frameworks, and supporting financial innovation to better serve UK households and businesses.
The US Central bank, the Federal Reserve of the United States, is also closely related to the pair. Inside that institution, the Board of Governors (also known as the Federal Reserve Board) is carefully observed. The board meets several times per year and announces the interest rates. If rates remain unchanged, attention turns to the tone of the FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) statement, and whether the tone is hawkish, or dovish over future developments of inflation.
The City of London includes a lot of organizations and institutions that might impact the cable, in particular the London Stock Exchange, the third-largest stock exchange in the world. The LSE allows companies to raise money, increase their profile and obtain a market valuation through a variety of routes, thus following the firms throughout the whole IPO process.
The European Central Bank also has influence on the cable due to the importance of business and trade between the UE and the UK. Any assessment of possible scenarios linked to a macroeconomic decision taken by the ECB has impact on the commercial partners of the Eurozone. The Euro is the second reference currency in the world (after the US Dollar) and any move by its central bank, the ECB, has consequences on the assessment of its partners.