Oil NEWS


WTI drops towards $67.00 as broader market sentiment deteriorates amid vaccine efficacy concerns

West Texas Intermediate, WTI,  crude oil dropped to the cheapest level in more than three months on Tuesday. There are worries over rising Covid-19 infections and concerns that the new variant will be resistant to the current vaccines. The Omicron variant is a fluid situation and only time will tell if this will pass without forcing the reimplantation of new quarantine measures, weighing on the demand side case for higher oil. 

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EUR/USD recovers toward 1.1350 on modest dollar weakness

EUR/USD edged higher in the early American session and managed to erase its daily losses. Ahead of Fed Chair Powell's testimony, the pair is closing in on 1.1350. Earlier in the session, the data from the US showed that employment in the private sector rose by 534,000 in April, surpassing the market expectation of 525,000. 

EUR/USD News

GBP/USD extends sideways grind around 1.3300 ahead of Powell's testimony

GBP/USD continues to move sideways around the 1.3300 handle on Wednesday after the data from the US failed to trigger a significant market reaction. The ADP Employment Change arrived at +534K in November, compared to the market expectation of 525,000. FOMC Chairman Powell will testify at 1500 GMT.

GBP/USD News

USD/JPY recovers further from near two-month low, climbs above mid-113.00s

A combination of supporting factors allowed USD/JPY to recover further from a two-month low. A modest recovery in the risk sentiment undermined the safe-haven JPY and remained supportive. Bulls further took cues from an uptick in the US bond yields, though a softer USD could cap gains.

USD/JPY News

Gold clings to recovery gains near $1,790

Gold gained traction after dropping below $1,780 in the early European session and climbed toward $1,790. Ahead of FOMC Chairman, the 10-year US Treasury bond yield is up more than 1% on the day, limiting gold's upside for the time being.

Gold News

WTI drops towards $67.00 as broader market sentiment deteriorates amid vaccine efficacy concerns

West Texas Intermediate, WTI,  crude oil dropped to the cheapest level in more than three months on Tuesday. There are worries over rising Covid-19 infections and concerns that the new variant will be resistant to the current vaccines. The Omicron variant is a fluid situation and only time will tell if this will pass without forcing the reimplantation of new quarantine measures, weighing on the demand side case for higher oil. 

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About oil

OIL HIGHLIGHTS

Crude Oil, commonly known as petroleum, is a naturally occurring fossil fuel liquid composed of hydrocarbon underground deposits and organic materials. The prices of this popular commodity are measured in USD. Saudi Arabia, Russia, United States, Iran and China are the countries producing more oil. On the other hand, United States, China, Japan, Russia, and Germany are the countries consuming more oil.

Crude oil is classified into various grades according to density (heavy vs light) and sulphur content (sour vs sweet). The lighter and sweeter the crude, the higher the price it can be sold, because refiners can produce higher yield of high quality refined products from it.

Density is measured by API gravity, a measure developed to compare the density of petroleum with water (API > 10 means the liquid floats on water) but is now widely used to compare among crude oils. API degree is inversely related to the density of crude oil. In general, crudes of API between 40-45 degrees can be sold at greatest commercial values.

Sulphur content determines the quality of a crude oil. This corrosive material decreases the purity of a crude oil. Therefore, a crude oil with high sulphur content (sour crude) should sell cheaper than one with low sulphur content (sweet crude). There are two main benchmarks for pricing Crude Oil: WTI (West Texas Intermediate) from USA and Brent from UK.

Major benchmarks

WTI Crude

West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil is of very high quality. It has API gravity of 39.6 and sulphur content of 0.24% only. Its low density and low sulphur content gave it the name 'light, sweet crude' and enabled refiners to produce high yield of gasoline. Most WTI crude oil gets  refined in the Midwest region of the country, with some more refined within the Gulf Coast region.

This type of crude oil is used as a benchmark in oil pricing and the underlying commodity of NYMEX's oil futures contracts. Due to its 'lightness' and 'sweetness', WTI crude is normally selling at about $1-$2/ barrel premium to Brent.
Brent

Brent is actually a blend of crude oil from 15 different oil fields the North Sea. It has API gravity of 38.3 degrees and sulphur content of around 0.37%. From these 2 parameters, we can see that Brent crude oil is heavier and less sweet than WTI crude. Brent is suitable for refinery of gasoline and middle distillates.

Brent was first traded on International Petroleum Exchange in London and then on Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) since 2005. Typically, price of Brent crude oil is around $1 lower than WTI. However, in 2007, due to the depletion of the North Sea Oil field, Brent Crude futures had traded at a premium to WTI of approximately $1 to $3 per barrel.

Oil and USD/CAD Correlation

The Special Relationship Between Oil and the Loonie

Some of you may already be familiar with the special relationship between oil prices and the Canadian dollar. For those of you who aren't, let me fill you in on what you're missing!

There's a reason why Canadian dollar traders keep track of oil prices-- the two often move hand in hand. When oil prices move down, it's not uncommon to see the Loonie follow suit. Conversely, rising oil prices are usually accompanied by Loonie rallies. Why do these two share such a strong bond? It has a lot to do with Canada's economy.

Canada happens to be the world's seventh largest oil producer. In fact, it's the U.S.'s main supplier, as it sends about 2 million barrels of oil a day to its southern neighbor. Since Canadian dollars are needed to purchase and move oil across the border, the demand for oil tends to have a direct impact on USD/CAD price action.

It's interesting to see that aside from risk sentiment and fundamentals, oil also plays a big factor in Loonie price action. So the next time you think of trading USD/CAD, do yourself a big favor and take a peek at your oil charts. It could just give you critical insight to help you bag some Loonie pips!

Other important group of influent pairs includes: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/JPY, AUD/USD, USD/CHF and NZD/USD.