GBP/USD News (Pound US Dollar)


GBP/USD tops 1.2700 ahead of UK retail sales, BOE

GBP/USD has extended its gains above 1.2700 after the Fed opened the door to rate cuts. UK retail sales, the Bank of England's decision, and two more rounds of the Conservative contest await traders.


1. Technical Overview

From a technical perspective, the pair has been in a strong recovery mode over the past couple of trading session and the ongoing momentum could further get extended towards 1.2750-60 heavy supply zone. A convincing break through the mentioned barrier might prompt some additional short-covering move and assist the pair to aim towards reclaiming the 1.2800 round figure mark. On the flip side, the 1.2650 region is likely to protect the immediate downside, below which the pair could extend the pullback but now seems more likely to find decent support and defend the 1.2600 round figure mark.

GBP/USD Pivot points

GBP/USD trading positions

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2. Fundamental Overview

The GBP/USD pair built on the previous session's recovery move from the vicinity of the key 1.2500 psychological mark and gained some strong follow-through traction on Wednesday. The initial leg of the uptick was supported by a modest US Dollar weakness, positive trade-related developments and mostly in line UK consumer inflation figures for the month of May. On the UK political front, Boris Johnson won another round of Conservative leadership ballot on Tuesday and received 143 votes, though did little to influence the price action. 

Meanwhile, the positive move took along some short-term trading stops placed near the 1.2600 handle, prompting some intraday short-covering move and got an additional boost in the wake of dovish sounding FOMC policy statement. As was widely expected, the Fed left interest rates unchanged on Wednesday but signalled that it was ready to lower interest rates to combat growing global and domestic risks. The US central bank further added that it would "act as appropriate to sustain the expansion”, while the so-called dot-plot indicated that it is unlikely to cut borrowing costs before 2020. 

The post-FOMC USD weakness helped the pair to continue scaling higher for the third consecutive session on Thursday. Market participants now look forward to the UK monthly retail sales data for some short-term impetus ahead of the more relevant BoE monetary policy update. The UK central bank is anticipated to maintain status quo amid persistent Brexit uncertainties, turning this to be a rather non-event for the GBP traders. Later during the early North-American session, the US economic docket - featuring the release of Philly Fed Manufacturing Index and the usual initial weekly jobless claims, might influence the USD price dynamics and further collaborate towards producing intraday trading opportunities. 

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3. Latest News & Analysis

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GBP/USD Analysis



Big Picture

Themes affecting the GBP/USD



Influential Institutions & People for the GBP/USD

The Pound VS Dollar can be seriously affected by news or the decisions taken by two main central banks:

The Bank of England is the central bank of the United Kingdom. Established in 1694 and privately owned in the beginning, the Bank was nationalised in 1946 so now is completely owned by the UK government. BOE's main reason to be is to maintain monetary and financial stability in the country. Some of its other tasks are producing secure bank notes, operating asset purchase facility and keeping the inflation low and stable. The bank is overseen by the Court, named used to reffer the board of directors, and is accountable to Parliament and the public.

On the other hand we found The Federal Reserve System (Fed) wich is the central banking system of the United States. Fed has two main targets: to keep unemployment rate to their lowest possible levels and inflation around 2%. The Federal Reserve System's structure is composed of the presidentially appointed Board of Governors, partially presidentially appointed Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). The FOMC organizes 8 meetings in a year and reviews economic and financial conditions. Also determines the appropriate stance of monetary policy and assesses the risks to its long-run goals of price stability and sustainable economic growth.


Mark Carney

Mark Carney is Governor of the Bank of England and Chairman of the Monetary Policy Committee, Financial Policy Committee and the Board of the Prudential Regulation Authority. He joined the Bank on 1 July 2013. Carney was born in Canada in 1965 and graduated from Harvard with a bachelor's degree in Economics in 1988. In Oxford University, he also received a master’s degree and a doctorate both in Ecobomics in 1993 and 1995 respectively. Before becoming the Governor of the BOE, he worked as a Governor of the Bank of Canada (BOC) from February 1st. 2008 until June 3rd. 2013.

Jerome Powell

Jerome Powell took office as chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in February 2018, for a four-year term ending in February 2022. His term as a member of the Board of Governors will expire January 31, 2028. Born in Washington D.C., he received a bachelor’s degree in politics from Princeton University in 1975 and earned a law degree from Georgetown University in 1979. Powell served as an assistant secretary and as undersecretary of the Treasury under President George H.W. Bush. He also worked as a lawyer and investment banker in New York City. From 1997 through 2005, Powell was a partner at The Carlyle Group.


BOE NEWS & ANALYSIS

ECB NEWS & ANALYSIS


About GBP/USD

The GBP/USD (or Pound Dollar) currency pair belongs to the group of 'Majors', a way to mention the most important pairs in the world. The pair is also called 'The Cable', reffering to the first Transatlantic cable that was crossing the Atlantic Ocean in order to connect Great Britain with the United States of America. This term originated in the mid-19th century, which makes it one of the oldest currency pairs.

Pound Dollar represents two economies: British and American (from United States of America). The Cable is a widely observed and traded currency pair where the Pound is the base currency and the US Dollar is the counter currency. After the result of the Brexit referendum, this pair has been suffering some turbulence due to risk related with the abandonment process from the European Union.

Related pairs

EUR/USD

The EUR/USD (or Euro Dollar) currency pair belongs to the group of 'Majors', a way to mention the most important pairs in the world. This group also includes the following currency pairs: GBP/USD, USD/JPY, AUD/USD, USD/CHF, NZD/USD and USD/CAD. The popularity of Euro Dollar is due to the fact that it gathers two main economies: the European and American (from United States of America) ones. This is a widely traded currency pair where the Euro is the base currency and the US Dollar is the counter currency. Since the EUR/USD pair consists of more than half of all the trading volume worldwide in the Forex Market, it is almost impossible for a gap to appear, let alone a consequent breakaway gap in the opposite direction.

Normally, the EUR/USD is very quiet during the Asian session because economic data that affects the fundamentals of those currencies is released in either the European or U.S. session. Once traders in Europe get to their desks a flurry of activity hits the tape as they start filling customer orders and jockey for positions. At noon activity slows down as traders step out for lunch and then picks back up again as the U.S. comes online.

USD/JPY

The USD/JPY (or US Dollar Japanese Yen) currency pair belongs to the group of 'Majors', a way to mention the most important pairs in the world. This group also includes the following currency pairs: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, USD/CHF, NZD/USD and USD/CAD. Japanese Yen has a low interest rate and is normally used in carry trades. This is the reason why is one of the most trades currencies worldwide. In the USD/JPY the US Dollar is the base currency and the Japanese Yen is the counter currency. The pair represents American (from United States of America) and Japanese economies.

Trading the USD/JPY currency pair is also known as trading the "ninja" or the "gopher", although this last name is more frequently used when referred to the GBP/JPY currency pair. The US Dollar Japanese Yen usually has a positive correlation with the following two pairs: USD/CHF and USD/CAD. The nature of this correlation is due to the fact that both currency pairs also use the US Dollar as the base currency, such as USD/JPY. The value of the pair tends to be affected when the two main central banks of each country, the Bank of Japan (BoJ) and the Federal Reserve Bank (Fed), face serious interest rate differential.


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