EUR/USD: Bid in holiday-thinned trade, bullish channel breakdown confirmed

EUR/USD is mildly bid in Asia, but the gains could be short-lived, as yesterday’s sell-off seems to have put sellers in commanding position for the near term. 

EUR/USD latest news

EUR/USD latest analysis


1. Technical Overview

The shared currency fell more than 70 pips yesterday, confirming a downside break of the rising channel. The repeated failure to close above 1.13 followed by the bullish channel breakdown indicates the path of least resistance is now to the downside and the recent lows near 1.1170 could soon come into play. 

The sell-off, however, may not happen today, as trading volumes will remain thin on account of the Good Friday holiday in major FX trading hubs in Europe and the US. 

EUR/USD Pivot points

EUR/USD trading positions


2. Fundamental Overview

The EUR/USD pair fell to 1.1225, its lowest for this week, as the latest Markit PMI confirmed that the sluggish growth in the Union has extended into the beginning of the second quarter, backing the case of ECB's stimulus.  German manufacturing activity bounced modestly in March according to preliminary estimates, although the PMI remained in contraction territory at 44.5. The Services sector did a bit better, with the PMI surging to a 7-month high of 55.6, resulting in the Composite index improving to 52.1. Other countries such as France and Italy, did better-than-expected with the indexes bouncing, yet for the whole Union, German's soft figures weighed, with the Manufacturing index resulting in at 47.8 and the services one at 52.5, both missing the market's expectations.

US data released ahead of Wall Street's open gave the pair another push lower, as Retail Sales were up by 1.6% MoM in March vs. the 0.9% forecasted. The Retail Sales Control Group increased by 1.0% against the market's expectations of a 0.4% advance. The US also released unemployment claims, which decreased to 193 K vs. the expected 205K in the week ended April 5, a new almost five-decade low. The April Philadelphia Fed Manufacturing Survey showed that business activity kept growing, although at a slower pace than anticipated, with the index printing 8.5 vs. 10.4 forecasted. However, the Markit April reports missed expectations, putting a temporal halt to the dollar's strength. The Manufacturing Index printed 52.4, matching the March figure, while the Services index declined to 52.9 from the previous 55.3.

EURUSD FUNDAMENTALS TODAY

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3. Big Picture

Themes affecting the EUR/USD



Influential Institutions & People for the EUR/USD

The Euro US Dollar can be seriously affected by news or the decisions taken by two main central banks:

The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank empowered to manage monetary policy for the Eurozone and maintain price stability, so that the euro’s purchasing power is not eroded by inflation. The ECB aims to ensure that the year-on-year increase in consumer prices is less than, but close to 2% over the medium term. Another of its tasks is the one of controlling the money supply. The European Central Bank’s work is organized via the following decision-making bodies: the Executive Board, the Governing Council and the General Council. Mario Draghi, member of the Executive Board, is also the President of this organism. 

On the other hand we found The Federal Reserve System (Fed) wich is the central banking system of the United States. Fed has two main targets: to keep unemployment rate to their lowest possible levels and inflation around 2%. The Federal Reserve System's structure is composed of the presidentially appointed Board of Governors, partially presidentially appointed Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). The FOMC organizes 8 meetings in a year and reviews economic and financial conditions. Also determines the appropriate stance of monetary policy and assesses the risks to its long-run goals of price stability and sustainable economic growth.


Mario Draghi

Mario Draghi is member of ECB's Executive Board and also the President of this organism. His declarations are an important source of volatility, especially for the Euro and the currencies traded against it. Born in 1947 in Rome, Italy, he graduated of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and became President of the European Central Bank in 2011. Draghi gives press conferences in the back of how the ECB observes the current European economy. His comments may determine positive or negative trends for the Euro in the short-term. Usually, a hawkish outlook is seen as positive/bullish for the EUR, while a dovish one is seen as negative/bearish. 

Jerome Powell

Jerome Powell took office as chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in February 2018, for a four-year term ending in February 2022. His term as a member of the Board of Governors will expire January 31, 2028. Born in Washington D.C., he received a bachelor’s degree in politics from Princeton University in 1975 and earned a law degree from Georgetown University in 1979. Powell served as an assistant secretary and as undersecretary of the Treasury under President George H.W. Bush. He also worked as a lawyer and investment banker in New York City. From 1997 through 2005, Powell was a partner at The Carlyle Group.


ECB NEWS & ANALYSIS

FED NEWS & ANALYSIS


About EUR/USD

The EUR/USD (or Euro Dollar) currency pair belongs to the group of 'Majors', a way to mention the most important pairs in the world. This group also includes the following currency pairs: GBP/USD, USD/JPY, AUD/USD, USD/CHF, NZD/USD and USD/CAD. The popularity is due to the fact that it gathers two main economies: the European and American (from United States of America) ones. This is a widely traded currency pair where the Euro is the base currency and the US Dollar is the counter currency. Since the EUR/USD pair consists of more than half of all the trading volume worldwide in the Forex Market, it is almost impossible for a gap to appear, let alone a consequent breakaway gap in the opposite direction.

Normally, it is very quiet during the Asian session because economic data that affects the fundamentals of those currencies is released in either the European or U.S. session. Once traders in Europe get to their desks a flurry of activity hits the tape as they start filling customer orders and jockey for positions. At noon activity slows down as traders step out for lunch and then picks back up again as the U.S. comes online. If there is important U.S. data we can expect quiet markets just ahead of the number. U.S. economic news have the ability to either reinforce an existing trend or reverse it depending on by how much it missed or beat expectations with the EUR/USD news. By 5:00 GMT liquidity leaves the market once again as European traders close out positions and head home.

Related pairs

GBP/USD

The GBP/USD (or Pound Dollar) currency pair belongs to the group of 'Majors', a way to mention the most important pairs worldwide. This group also includes the following currency pairs: EUR/USD, USD/JPY, AUD/USD, USD/CHF, NZD/USD and USD/CAD. The pair is also called 'The Cable', reffering to the first Transatlantic cable that was crossing the Atlantic Ocean in order to connect Great Britain with the United States of America. This term was originated in the mid-19th century and it makes GBP/USD one of the oldest currency pairs in the world.

The popularity of the Pound Dollar is due to the fact that represents two strong economies: British and American (from United States of America). The Cable is a widely observed and traded currency pair where the Pound is the base currency and the US Dollar is the counter currency. After the result of the Brexit referendum, where the majority of the British voted to abandon the European Union, GBP/USD has been suffering some turbulence in the Forex market as a consequence of the associated risks of leaving the single market.

USD/JPY

The USD/JPY (or US Dollar Japanese Yen) currency pair is one of the 'Majors', the most important pairs in the world. Japanese Yen has a low interest rate, normally used in carry trades, that's why is one of the most trades currencies worldwide. In the USD/JPY the US Dollar is the base currency and the Japanese Yen is the counter currency. The pair represents American (from United States of America) and Japanese economies.

Trading the USD/JPY currency pair is also known as trading the "ninja" or the "gopher", although this last name is more frequently used when reffered to the GBP/JPY currency pair. The US Dollar Japanese Yen usually has a positive correlation with the following two pairs: USD/CHF and USD/CAD. The nature of this correlation is dued to the fact that both currency pairs also use the US Dollar as the base currency, such as USD/JPY. The value of the pair tends to be affected when the two main central banks of each country, the Bank of Japan (BoJ) and the Federal Reserve Bank (Fed), face serious interest rate differential.


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