Overview:  Equities began the week on a firm note in the Asia Pacific region. The Nikkei gained more than 2%, and the profit-taking seen in China ahead of the weekend was a one-day phenomenon.  The Shanghai Composite rose 1.8%, and the Shenzhen Composite surged 3.5%. Taiwan and South Korea markets also rallied more than 1%.  European and US stocks enjoy more modest gains of around 0.5%-0.6%. Benchmark 10-year yields are mostly 2-3 bp higher, though the US 10-year Treasury yield is a little softer around 64 bp.  European sovereigns are expected to sell around 36 bln euros of bonds this week, while there may be $20 bln investment-grade bonds coming to market from US names this week.  The dollar is narrowly mixed.  The Swedish krona, Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, and euro are firmer, while the Norwegian krone, Japanese yen, and New Zealand dollar are nursing small losses.  Emerging market currencies are similarly mixed, leaving the JP Morgan Emerging Market Currency Index virtually flat after rising by about 0.35% last week. Gold has come back firmer after slipping in the last couple of sessions and is trying to re-establish a foothold above $1800.  OPEC+ may be ready to bring more output next month, and this is weighing on crude oil prices.  The September WTI contract is struggling to hold above $40 a barrel.  


Asia Pacific

First officials in China stir the pot, buy stocks was patriotic.  People bought stocks.  Stocks soared.  Then the regulator of banking and insurance sectors cautioned against "illegal speculation," and stocks fell.  Last week's data showed total social funding (bank and nonbank financial intermediaries) has risen by almost 13% in H1 20.  In addition to these funds, savings from the wealth-management products, that are often variable-rate fixed-income investments, may have been freed up as well as the risk of defaults increase.  

South Korea's trade in the first ten days of July suggest better regional trade is taking place.  Exports fell 11% in June (year-over-year) but in the first part of July were off 1.7%.  Semiconductor chip exports rose 7.7% after a flat showing in June,m though wireless device exports fell 9.7%.  Auto exports increased by 7.3%, but parts shipments fell by a third. Ship exports soared by over 300%.  Exports to China increased by 9.4%, and exports to the US rose by 7.3%.  Shipments to Japan fell by more than 20%. Imports fell by 9.1%. Oil purchases slumped by nearly a third.  Imports of chip fabrication machinery surged by 85%.  

Japan's tertiary activity (service sector) slipped 2.1% in May after a revised 7.7% decline in April (initially 6.0%).  The revision fully made up for smaller than expected May decline, which had been anticipated closer to 3.8%.   The BOJ's two-day meeting starts tomorrow.  All of the regions were downgraded in a BOJ branch report out late last week.  The BOJ itself is not expected to change policy but can be expected to promise to take more action if necessary.  

The dollar has been confined to about 15 bps on either side of JPY106.95.  There are $1.2 bln of options expiring today between JPY106.75 and JPY106.85.  On the upside, the JPY107.40-50 area looks to be a solid cap and backed by a $545 mln option expire today at JPY107.50. The Australian dollar is firm but is not going anyplace quickly, either.  It is capped near $0.7000 and found support near $0.6920 at the end of last week.  The greenback has stayed within 50-pips of CNY7.0. The PBOC set the dollar's reference rate today a little weaker than the models suggested.  It also injected CNY50 bln via "reverse repos," the first open-market operation in 11 sessions, and helped ease money market rates.  China's 10-year yield edged a couple basis points higher to almost 3.05%.  



Ahead this week's summit that is to address the European Recovery Plan and the EU's seven-year budget, European Council President Michel offered new compromises.  One obvious take away is that a deal that would ensure unanimity has not been found.  Michel offered a slightly smaller overall EU budget while keeping the 750 bln euro Recovery Fund intact.  There is disagreement about how the funds should be distributed.  How much of a veto should the countries retain?

The mix between loans and grants, and conditionality that should be attached, remain open issues too.  A second take away from recent developments is that that the opposition is more than the Frugal Four (Denmark, Sweden, Austria, and the Netherlands).  Finland stands them, but more, many others allied last week to defeat the German, French, Italian, and Spanish-backed candidate to lead the eurozone finance ministers.   Ironically, there is not much debate about a common bond that seemed to have dominated earlier discussions.  It appears, as a last resort, Michel is offering budget rebates that may be sufficient to allow some compromise.  However, the decision needs to be unanimous, and the impact on domestic political consideration cannot be taken out of the equation.

In a closely contested election in Poland, it appears that President Duda will have another term.  The voter turnout looks to be a modern record.  The challenger, Trzaskowski, claimed victory too and may formally protest the results.  Duda's Law and Justice Party lost the upper house of parliament last year, but it has not compromised.  It looks like another snub at Brussels ahead of the summit.  The Polish zloty is virtually unchanged on the day and over the past month.  

The US has announced a 25% tariff on $1.3 bln of French consumer goods (e.g., cosmetics, ceramics, cookware, and handbags, but not wine or cheese) over the digital tax, which the US argues, discriminates against US companies.  The tax will be not be collected for 180 days as France has not begun collecting its digital tax.  Hopes of a break-through at the OECD, seem ill-founded.  European-US trade tensions are at risk of escalating in the coming months.  That said, one area that the US does appear to be making headway is the banning of Huawei.  

The euro has held about a 35-tick range above $1.1300 today.  Last week's high was near $1.1370.  It looks too far to be re-tested today.  An expiring option for a little more than 720 mln euros at $1.1350 may be a sufficient cap today.  That said, the North American session seems to have been biased to the upside recently.  Still, there is a 2.1 bln euro option at $1.13 that expires tomorrow.  For the third consecutive session, sterling's upside has been checked by sales around $1.2670.  Support is seen a little below $1.2600, and it looks poised to try the upside again in North America.  



The chock-filled US economic calendar begins slowly. The June budget statement and the Fed's Williams and Kaplan speak.  In the past, the NY Fed President was part of the troika of leaders, but Williams does not appear to be regarded in those terms.  Some may link it to the seemingly petty personnel decisions, made early in his tenure at the NY Fed, left the execution arm of the Federal Reserve System, somewhat ill-positioned to deal the challenges both repo and Covid-related.  The Treasury sells more bills this week but no coupons. Strong demand was seen at last week's coupon auctions that saw the five-year yield fall to record lows, and the 10-year was sold at record-low yields.  The US 30-year yield fell to 1.25% before recovering ahead of the weekend.

The financial focus may shift to Q2 bank earnings this week.  Financials have underperformed the market.  The slump in spending and investing squeeze lenders, and many current borrowers are stressed.  Trading and underwriting, as well as re-financing, may have cushioned the blow.  Net interest margin (similar to the gross margin of a non-financial business) appears to have widened too.  

The tit-for-tat with China is likely to continue.  Beijing has sanctioned Senators Rubio and Cruz over legislation they sponsored to sanction China and Chinese officials over human rights violations. The Trump Administration has signaled its intent to take additional action in the coming days.  Apps, like TikTok and WeChat, reports suggest may be banned or curtailed.   

The central bank meeting in the middle of the week is Canada's highlight after a stronger than expected jobs report at the end of last week (952k vs. the median forecast in the Bloomberg survey for 700k).  The Bank of Canada is expected to stand pat, but will likely attest to its willingness to scale its efforts if necessary.   Mexico's economic calendar is light this week.

The US dollar rose to about CAD1.3630 ahead of the weekend, the best level here in July.  However, it looks poised to re-test support near CAD1.3500, which corresponds to last week's lows and the 200-day moving average.  A convincing break of CAD1.3500 could open the door to a re-test on last month's low near CAD1.3315.  With a few minor exceptions, the greenback has been confined between MXN22.00 and MXN23.00 for the past month.  It was a little firmer in Asia and the European morning, but the relatively high rates (~4.8% on three-month cetes) remains attractive, especially given the implied volatility is near three-month lows (~15.5%)

Opinions expressed are solely of the author’s, based on current market conditions, and are subject to change without notice. These opinions are not intended to predict or guarantee the future performance of any currencies or markets. This material is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as research or as investment, legal or tax advice, nor should it be considered information sufficient upon which to base an investment decision. Further, this communication should not be deemed as a recommendation to invest or not to invest in any country or to undertake any specific position or transaction in any currency. There are risks associated with foreign currency investing, including but not limited to the use of leverage, which may accelerate the velocity of potential losses. Foreign currencies are subject to rapid price fluctuations due to adverse political, social and economic developments. These risks are greater for currencies in emerging markets than for those in more developed countries. Foreign currency transactions may not be suitable for all investors, depending on their financial sophistication and investment objectives. You should seek the services of an appropriate professional in connection with such matters. The information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but is not necessarily complete in its accuracy and cannot be guaranteed.

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