Nonfarm Payrolls Preview: Economic reopenings’ hopes to overshadow sluggish old numbers

  • The US economy has likely lost another 8 million positions in May.
  • US Average Hourly Earnings to keep on rising amid the loss of low-income jobs.
  • Dollar trending lower amid the risk-on mood and fears of a second wave of coronavirus.

The US will report its May employment data this Friday, and as the focus shifts to economic reopenings, forecasts indicate “improved” figures. The country is expected to have lost 8 million jobs in May, much better than the 20.5 million shredded in April. That would mean that roughly 30 million people lost their jobs amid COVID-19. The unemployment rate, however, is expected at 19.7% from 14.7%, although the unemployment rate reaching 20% has been on the table ever since the ends of March.  

Wages and riots

Average Hourly Earning are foreseen up by 8.6% YoY in the same month, almost tripling pre-pandemic levels, yet that’s the result of the sharp lost of low-income jobs amid the coronavirus crisis.  The exacerbated income inequity in the US is no doubts part of the recent violent riots going on across different states that led to President Trump threatening with a military response.

Back to employment, market players are aware of the awful expected numbers and have already priced them in. Even further, economic reopenings in Europe, which seems to be avoiding an infamous second wave of contagions, underpin the mood. Investors are focused on the upcoming economic recovery and moving beyond dismal numbers that reflect what happened in the worst of the crisis.

Leading indicators barely improved

As said, the country lost over 20 million jobs in April, while Initial Jobless Claims continue to show that millions of Americans filed for unemployment insure month after month. However, from the over 6.6 million weekly seen mid-March, the number has been improving to roughly 2 million in these last few weeks. A positive sign came from Continuing Jobless Claims, which fell from 24.9M to 21.05M mid-May, the first positive hint since the pandemic hit the US.

Also encouraging, the ADP survey showed that the private sector shed 2.76 million positions, much better than the previous 19.5M. The official ISM PMIs showed that the employment sub-components bounced from record lows in April, but remained dip into contraction territory.  Finally, those indicators related to consumer confidence have pared their declines, stabilizing at lower levels.

Overall, there are no signs of a pick-up in employment in the near term, and speculative interest knows it. The most it can do is keep on betting on a soon-to-come recovery, despite increased fears over a potential second wave in the country as a result of the civil unrest seen these days.


US jobs report pre-release checklist – Jun 5th, 2020

Previous Non-Farm Payrolls Negative The worst US jobs report in history showed that more than 20 million jobs were lost on April.
Challenger Job Cuts - Expected to be released on Thursday, June 4th at 12.30 GMT. 
Initial Jobless Claims Negative Initial Jobless Claims figures keep slowing down, but it's difficult to put it in a different way than negative when it is still showing more than 2 million new unemployment claimants per week. 
Continuing Jobless Claims Positive The number of unemployment benefit receivers finally took a turn on the week finishing May 15th, falling from 24.9M to 21.05M, the first positive hint since the COVID-19 outbreak. 
ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI Negative Employment sub-component on the flagship US service sector index recovered less than expected, bouncing just from 30 to 31.8, still way below its usual 50+ levels.
ISM Manufacturing PMI Negative Employment sub-component in the ISM Manufacturing PMI recovered a bit from 27.5 record lows into 32.1 in May, but still disappointed expectations.
University of Michigan Consumer Confidence Index Neutral UMich consumer survey index stayed in the low 70s in May after falling from over 100 levels in February. The collapse on the US consumer confidence seems to have bottomed.
Conference Board Consumer Confidence Index Neutral CB consumer index also stopped its collapse, staying around 85 in May after having printed bigger than 130 levels in February. 
ADP Employment Report Positive The private employment report showed a much smaller than expected 2760K job destruction. If it keeps its usual correlation with the NFP, we could be in for a positive surprise on Friday.
JOLTS Job Openings Negative The lagging job openings indicator finally reached the COVID-19 outbreak, with new offerings falling from 7M to 6.191M in March. 

Dollar’s possible reaction to different scenarios

The market is on risk-on mood and the greenback heads into the release trending lower against most of its major rivals, except for those considered safe-havens. Upbeat US data lately has triggered Wall Street rallies in detriment of the dollar, and there’s no reason to believe that a better-than-expected US employment report could trigger a different reaction.  

Disappointing numbers could have the opposite effect, although to a lesser extent and hardly mean a dollar’s comeback.

Commodity-linked currencies have the most chances of rallying, should the data impress to the upside, while gold prices will likely extend their declines to fresh weekly lows. The Sterling, on the other hand, should be the most reluctant to post a direct reaction to the report.

The EUR/USD pair has reclaimed the 1.1200 level this week and is technically overbought. With the ECB and the NFP report in the way, market players could have good reasons to take profits ahead of the weekend, but as long as riots in the US continue and signs of economic recovery keep coming from the EU, the pair has a limited bearish scope. A daily close this Thursday above 1.1220, where it has the weekly 100 SMA, should skew the risk further up. 

Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers.

Analysis feed

FXStreet Trading Signals now available!

Access to real-time signals, community and guidance now!

Latest Analysis

Latest Forex Analysis

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD bounces after upbeat COVID-19 cure news

EUR/USD is trading above 1.13, rebounding from the lows. Gilead reported that its drug Remdesevir substantially reduces mortality among COVID-19 patients. The news boosted stocks and weighed on the dollar. US coronavirus statistics are due out.


GBP/USD recaptures 1.26 as the market mood improves

GBP/USD is trading above 1.26 as the market mood improves and the safe-haven dollar retreats. Investors are shrugging off Brexit concerns and focusing on hopes to cure coronavirus. US COVID-19 statistics are due out.


XAU/USD consolidates daily gains above $1,800

After advancing to its highest level since September of 2011 at $1,818 on Wednesday, the XAU/USD pair staged a correction and briefly dropped below $1,800 on Thursday.

Gold News

Cryptocurrencies: War for dominance hit the bedrock of the market

Bitcoin tried to regain market share and activated sales in the Altcoin segment. BTC/USD, ETH/USD and XRP/USD are looking for supports and a rebound to push them to new elative highs. The current compression on the XRP/USD chart could trigger an exploding movement.

Read more

WTI once again breaks $40 per barrel after trading lower in early EU trade

There has been quite the bounce in WTI since the EU session after some strong selling pressure during Thursday and overnight. Once again on Friday's session, the price has taken the USD 40 per barrel handle. 

Oil News

Forex Majors