- After three consecutive down weeks, Dow Jones Industrial Average rises 1% in first two sessions this week.
- US Producer Price Index data shows a higher inflation reading than expected.
- Israel-Hamas conflict is sure to cause a humanitarian crisis in Gaza, but Oil prices surprisingly continue to tick lower.
- Treasury yields are collapsing at the longer-dated part of the curve.
- Dow component JPMorgan is scheduled to release Q3 earnings on Friday at the outset of earnings season.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) appears to be enacting a bullish reversal on the daily chart as last week’s consolidation has given way to this week’s advance. Beginning last Friday, the index has returned 0.87%, 0.59% and 0.40%, respectively, over the past three trading sessions. This followed three weeks of declines for the Dow Jones index.
Thought over the weekend to be the instigator of a further equity market sell-off, the Israel-Hamas conflict has proven to be a boon to US stocks. After Saudi Arabia released statements seeking to quell wider regional tensions, oil has reversed its immediate spike. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures have even dropped below $85 per barrel on Wednesday.
Another strange facet of the Israel-Palestine conflict is that it has engendered safe-haven flows into US Treasuries. This has reduced yields as heavier buying leads to higher bond prices, which are inversely correlated with yields. Since higher Treasury yields have been a primary reason for the Dow Jones and other stock indices recent decline, the drop in yields is helping to boost demand for equities.
US Federal Reserve officials this week have also been downplaying the need for further rate hikes this year. These statements are only adding to the belief that Treasury yields have risen high enough.
Playing against this positive tide for stocks is Wednesday’s release of the Producer Price Index (PPI), which showed higher core inflation than analysts had expected. Traders will likely wait, however, to see if Thursday’s Consumer Price Index (CPI) confirms rising core inflation among the consumer class.
Lastly, the Dow Jones Industrial Average will either benefit or retract based on index component JPMorgan’s (JPM) third-quarter earnings, which kick off earnings season on Friday.
Dow Jones News: Treasuries hold the key to equity market
Both the 10-year and 30-year US Treasuries have seen their yields decline by as much as 2% in Wednesday’s premarket, while 3-month and 6-month Treasury bills have yields that are slightly rising. This development is causing the yield curve to invert further after a move toward parity in recent weeks.
Back in September, the 30-year Treasury reached a yield of 5% for the first time since 2007. On Wednesday, the 30-year has trended down to 1.71%.
On Tuesday, San Francisco Fed Bank President Mary Daly said that the higher treasury yields that have emerged of late can be treated as a substitute for higher rates since it should lead to lower spending and investment. This means that Daly is less inclined to favor the central bank raising rates any further, which is a good sign for the Dow Jones.
This week, Dallas Fed Bank President Lorie Logan said that raising interest rates any further might be completely unnecessary to combat inflation if long-term Treasury yields remain elevated. Fed Vice Chair Philip Jefferson also warned that the central bank needs to be very careful with more tightening.
Atlanta Federal Reserve Bank President Raphael Bostic, who until recently was promoting more rate hikes, said on Tuesday that current monetary policy is sufficiently restrictive and inflation will come down to 2% without triggering a recession.
Based on data from the CME FedWatch Tool, traders place the odds at 84% and 71% that the Fed will keep interest rates unchanged at the November and December meetings, respectively. This fact is boosting prospects for dip buyers, who believe that the onset of rate cuts next year will engender a steep rise in stock prices based on improved profits and valuations. JPMorgan’s Stephen Parker is already calling for new highs in the equity market by mid-2024.
Inflation stays on traders’ radar
One hour before the market opened on Wednesday, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics released its monthly Producer Price Index, this time for September. In a worrying sign for stick inflation, the Core PPI rose 0.3% MoM and 2.7% on an annualized basis. Economists had a prior expectation of 0.2% monthly growth and 2.3% annual growth.
The bad reading may provoke at least some market participants to predict this as the beginning of a revival of inflation that will cause the US central bank to resort to higher interest rates – a move that could trigger another downturn in the stock market.
Now investors will look to Thursday’s CPI data to see if the higher inflation seen in the Core PPI translates to the broader consumer market. Consensus expects core CPI to drop from 4.3% annual growth in August to 4.1% in September, as well as September monthly core CPI to rise 0.3% in line with August.
JPMorgan launches earnings season
October brings the return of earnings to the fore, and Dow-member JPMorgan is the most prominent on the list this Friday. Alongside Wells Fargo and Citigroup, the largest bank in the US by assets will report Q3 results before the market opens.
Every Wall Street analyst who has revised his or her earnings outlook for Q3 on JPMorgan has raised it. Consensus is now at $3.87 in earnings per share (EPS) on $39.3 billion in revenue. Both the top and bottom lines are expected to grow more than 20% from a year ago.
Excitement for the big banks is more prevalent now that Pepsico (PEP) released solid results on Tuesday despite predictions that new weight-loss drugs might weigh on the junk food maven.
As one of the largest stocks in the US market, with a market cap above $420 billion, a major beat on the results by JPMorgan could spur a broad market rally that will help the Dow Jones. That was pretty much the case with the Q2 results as well. JPMorgan is such an extensive banking giant that it is sometimes treated as a proxy for how earnings season is trending.
Before that, on Thursday the down-and-out Dow component known as Walgreens Boots Alliance (WBA) will also release its results from the third quarter. The convenience chain and pharmacy is expected to report another drop in earnings to $0.69 per share on an adjusted basis. This should come on top of $34.8 billion in revenue. This earnings call will be particularly interesting since Walgreens just signed on a new CEO, former Cigna executive Tim Wentworth, at a time when the stock has fallen 40% year to date.
Dow Jones FAQs
What is the Dow Jones?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average, one of the oldest stock market indices in the world, is compiled of the 30 most traded stocks in the US. The index is price-weighted rather than weighted by capitalization. It is calculated by summing the prices of the constituent stocks and dividing them by a factor, currently 0.152. The index was founded by Charles Dow, who also founded the Wall Street Journal. In later years it has been criticized for not being broadly representative enough because it only tracks 30 conglomerates, unlike broader indices such as the S&P 500.
What factors impact the Dow Jones Industrial Average?
Many different factors drive the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). The aggregate performance of the component companies revealed in quarterly company earnings reports is the main one. US and global macroeconomic data also contributes as it impacts on investor sentiment. The level of interest rates, set by the Federal Reserve (Fed), also influences the DJIA as it affects the cost of credit, on which many corporations are heavily reliant. Therefore, inflation can be a major driver as well as other metrics which impact the Fed decisions.
What is Dow Theory?
Dow Theory is a method for identifying the primary trend of the stock market developed by Charles Dow. A key step is to compare the direction of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) and the Dow Jones Transportation Average (DJTA) and only follow trends where both are moving in the same direction. Volume is a confirmatory criteria. The theory uses elements of peak and trough analysis. Dow’s theory posits three trend phases: accumulation, when smart money starts buying or selling; public participation, when the wider public joins in; and distribution, when the smart money exits.
How can I trade the DJIA?
There are a number of ways to trade the DJIA. One is to use ETFs which allow investors to trade the DJIA as a single security, rather than having to buy shares in all 30 constituent companies. A leading example is the SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF (DIA). DJIA futures contracts enable traders to speculate on the future value of the index and Options provide the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell the index at a predetermined price in the future. Mutual funds enable investors to buy a share of a diversified portfolio of DJIA stocks thus providing exposure to the overall index.
What they said about the market – Stephen Parker
Stephen Parker, the head of Specialized Strategies at J.P. Morgan Private Bank, thinks equity indices like the Dow Jones will reach new all-time highs in mid-2024. Parker released a client note on Wednesday saying that Treasury yields had reached a high point and would likely gradually decline from here. Additionally, he does not expect a recession to appear next year and says earnings will increase above expectations this quarter.
"We know that a lot of the rally this year has been driven by the 'magnificent seven’ (NVDA), (META), (AMZN), (MSFT), (AAPL), (GOOGL), (TSLA),” but “we think there is a catch-up trade more broadly across the market, so we’re moving down the capitalization spectrum a little bit, not all the way down to small-cap, because higher rates have a bigger impact there.”
Dow Jones Industrial Average forecast
After breaking above the 9-day Simple Moving Average (SMA) on Monday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose until it reached the 21-day SMA on Tuesday. From there, the index seemed to immediately sell off. That 21-day SMA will be key for the rest of this week to confirm whether last week’s gains will become a true reversal.
One sign that the bullish reversal is real is that Tuesday’s high took out the most recent range high from September 29, if only barely. Additionally, last week saw four sessions in a row with daily lows surrounding 32,900. It appears that this region was the staging ground for a rally and may now act as support in the intermediate timeline.
Expect the DJIA index to accelerate into next week toward the 34,250 to 34,600 high-volume zone. This is a range that normally should lead the Dow Index into consolidation before choosing its next path forward.
Dow Jones Industrial Average daily chart
Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers. The author will not be held responsible for information that is found at the end of links posted on this page.
If not otherwise explicitly mentioned in the body of the article, at the time of writing, the author has no position in any stock mentioned in this article and no business relationship with any company mentioned. The author has not received compensation for writing this article, other than from FXStreet.
FXStreet and the author do not provide personalized recommendations. The author makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability of this information. FXStreet and the author will not be liable for any errors, omissions or any losses, injuries or damages arising from this information and its display or use. Errors and omissions excepted.
The author and FXStreet are not registered investment advisors and nothing in this article is intended to be investment advice.