A couple surprising notes have appeared in the Bank of International Settlements’ (BIS) survey released today (28/10/2022). The triennial (occurring every three years) survey was conducted with the involvement of monetary authorities, like central banks, from 52 territories as well as 1,200+ commercial banks.

Trading volume increases

Foreign exchange trading volume increased to US $7.5 trillion per day, which represents a +14% increase over the US $6.6 trillion daily trading volume recorded when the survey was last conducted in 2019. The sales desk in the United Kingdom, the United States, Singapore, Hong Kong, and Japan continued to dominate the processing of most trades, accounting for 78% or more of the trading volume. Interestingly, volume passing through the UK alone accounts for 38% of global trade, or US $2.6 trillion, however, this was down from 43% in 2019.

Changing rankings

The biggest surprise that was revealed in the survey was the changing hierarchy for the most traded foreign currencies.

For one, the New Zealand dollar has fallen out of the rankings for the top ten most traded currencies in the world. The New Zealand dollar was overtaken by the Singapore dollar, Swedish krona, Korean won, and Norwegian krone, and is now the 14th most traded currency in the world. Even so, the New Zealand dollar’s popularity is still disproportionate compared to the size of the New Zealand economy with the New Zealand dollar on one side of US $125 billion worth of trades per day, representing 1.7% of all trades.

While the rankings just outside the top ten experienced a shuffle, the US dollar remains the most traded currency in the world, accounting for one side of 88% of all foreign exchange trade. The top traded currencies in 2022 in the world are as follows:

  1. US dollar
  2. Euro
  3. Japanese yen
  4. British pound
  5. Chinese renminbi
  6. Australian dollar
  7. Canadian dollar
  8. Swiss franc
  9. Hong Kong dollar
  10. Singapore dollar
  11. Swedish Krona
  12. Korean won
  13. Norwegian Krone
  14. New Zealand dollar
  15. Indian rupee
  16. Mexican peso
  17. Taiwan dollar
  18. South African rand
  19. Brazilian real

Risk Warning: Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Before deciding to trade foreign exchange, you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and, therefore, you should not invest money you cannot afford to lose. You should make yourself aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange trading and seek advice from an independent financial adviser if you have any questions or concerns as to how a loss would affect your lifestyle.

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