- GBP/USD has been rising on vaccine and Brexit optimism.
- Struggles around the next budget and concerns about lockdowns may weigh on the pound.
- Monday's four-hour chart is painting a bullish picture.
Back to normal some time after Easter – that is the promise from Matt Hancock, the UK's health minister. He has been speaking after AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford reported some results from their COVID-19 vaccine trial.
The average efficacy is around 70% – lower than the competition from Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna. However, AstraZeneca says that a smaller dosing regimen of 1.5 shots instead of two is 90% efficient. Moreover, the material can be stored in regular fridge temperature and the firm says it can produce three billion doses next year.
Markets received another boost on the news, pushing the safe-haven dollar down. Moreover, as the British government has an agreement to purchase 100 million doses – potentially sufficient for vaccinating 66 million people – the pound also responded positively.
The news follows the UK government's strive to approve the usage of vaccines from Pfizer/BioNTech as early as early December, perhaps surpassing the US.
Sterling is also benefiting from optimism around Brexit. The British media has been reporting that an agreement is "95% done" and basically imminent. However, investors have known that most of the details of future EU-UK relations have been ready for some time, while that 5% – fisheries, state aid, and governance – remain sticking points.
An accord is not fully priced in and could boost the pound. However, if time passes by without white smoke from Brussels, sterling could suffer.
Another hurdle is the upcoming budget. While Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak committed to refrain from austerity, he is reportedly considering a pay freeze for most public workers. Such a move is already angering unions and could weigh on consumption.
Circling back to coronavirus, its spread is far from over. British covid statistics have stabilized but are yet to bend lower. The current nationwide lockdown expires on December 2 and the government is set to return to a localized approach. However, the new tiers may include relatively robust restrictions.
Markit's preliminary Purchasing Managers' Indexes are set to decline amid the shuttering, yet remain above 50, reflecting growth. Later in the day, US PMIs are forecast to edge lower as well.
The focus in America remains on the virus, with a new peak of hospitalizations above 83,000. The mortality curve is also on the rise. On the political front, President-elect Joe Biden may announce his pick for Treasury Secretary on Tuesday. President Donald Trump has failed in his attempts to overturn the election results and is coming under growing pressure to allow a smooth transition.
Overall, the focus is on the UK, with reasons to be cheerful, yet hurdles remain.
GBP/USD Technical Analysis
Pound/dollar is benefiting from upside momentum on the four-hour chart and is trading above the uptrend support line that has been accompanying it from early November. It is also holding above the 50, 100 and 200 Simple Moving Averages.
However, the Relative Strength Index is on the verge of surpassing the 70 level – entering overbought territory.
Some resistance is at the daily high of 1.3360, followed by 1.3420 and 1.3510 seen in the summer.
Support awaits at the previous resistance line of 1.3310, see in mid-November. It is followed by 1.3280, which held the currency pair on its way up. The next levels to watch are 1.3195 and 1.3150.
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