Breaking: US ADP private sector employment rises 150,000 in June vs. 160,000 expected

Private sector employment in the US rose 150,000 in June and annual pay was up 4.9% year-over-year, the Automatic Data Processing (ADP) reported on Wednesday. This reading followed the 157,000 increase (revised from 152,000) recorded in May and came in below the market expectation of 160,000.

Commenting on the survey's findings, "job growth has been solid, but not broad-based," said Nela Richardson, chief economist, ADP. "Had it not been for a rebound in hiring in leisure and hospitality, June would have been a downbeat month."

Market reaction to ADP employment data

The US Dollar Index edged lower following the ADP Employment Change data and was last seen losing 0.1% on the day at 105.56.

US Dollar PRICE Today

The table below shows the percentage change of US Dollar (USD) against listed major currencies today. US Dollar was the weakest against the British Pound.

USD   -0.18% -0.22% 0.26% -0.11% -0.10% 0.06% -0.11%
EUR 0.18%   -0.05% 0.45% 0.06% 0.07% 0.26% 0.07%
GBP 0.22% 0.05%   0.51% 0.11% 0.12% 0.34% 0.12%
JPY -0.26% -0.45% -0.51%   -0.39% -0.38% -0.20% -0.38%
CAD 0.11% -0.06% -0.11% 0.39%   0.01% 0.19% 0.01%
AUD 0.10% -0.07% -0.12% 0.38% -0.01%   0.19% -0.00%
NZD -0.06% -0.26% -0.34% 0.20% -0.19% -0.19%   -0.18%
CHF 0.11% -0.07% -0.12% 0.38% -0.01% 0.00% 0.18%  

The heat map shows percentage changes of major currencies against each other. The base currency is picked from the left column, while the quote currency is picked from the top row. For example, if you pick the US Dollar from the left column and move along the horizontal line to the Japanese Yen, the percentage change displayed in the box will represent USD (base)/JPY (quote).

This section below was published as a preview of the US ADP Employment Change data at 07:30 GMT.

  • The ADP report on Employment Change is expected to print 160K in June.
  • The Federal Reserve may continue delaying interest rate cuts on strong employment reports.
  • The US Dollar is technically bullish and may reach 106.45 with an upbeat report. 

On Wednesday, the United States (US) Automatic Data Processing (ADP) Research Institute will release its monthly report on private sector job creation for June. The announcement, known as the ADP Employment Change, is expected to show that the country’s private sector added 160K new positions in June after adding 152K in May.

The survey is usually released two days before the official Nonfarm Payrolls (NFP) report, and despite random divergences in the outcome, market participants tend to read it as an advanced indicator of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) report. A strong job creation in the private sector will likely be seen as an upcoming upbeat NFP report. 

ADP Jobs Report: Employment and the Federal Reserve

The US central bank, the Federal Reserve (Fed), has a dual mandate: price stability and maximum sustainable employment. According to the Fed, price stability equals inflation, averaging 2%, while maximum sustainable employment is the highest level of employment the economy can sustain without generating unwelcome inflation.

Inflationary levels have eased sustainably after hitting multi-decade highs in the pandemic aftermath, yet the labor market has been quite tight, which increases the risk of higher price pressures. Behind the Fed’s reluctance to trim interest rates is not just inflation still above 2%. 

The central bank met earlier in June, and Chairman Jerome Powell said data had not given the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) enough confidence to begin rate cuts.

"As labor market tightness has eased and inflation has declined over the past year, the risks of reaching unemployment and inflation goals have moved towards better balance," Powell said. "Our economy has made considerable progress towards both goals of maintaining maximum employment and stable prices," he added. However, Powell and co remained cautious about potential rate cuts, with market participants now hoping for just one 25 basis points (bps) cut this year.

With that in mind, a strong ADP survey and a subsequent strong NFP report will further delay the odds of a rate cut. A hawkish outcome should then give additional impetus to the USD Index.

When will the ADP Report be released, and how could it affect the USD Index?

ADP will release the Employment Change report on Wednesday, July 3. As previously said, it is expected to reveal that the private sector added 160K new positions in June. Generally speaking, a better-than-anticipated report should underpin the USD Index, while a disappointing reading will pressure it. 

The US will release the Challenger Job Cuts report ahead of the ADP survey, published by Challenger, Grey & Christmas monthly. The report provides information on the number of announced corporate layoffs by industry and region. In May, US-based employers announced 63,816 job cuts, a 1.5% decline from the previous month and down 20% from 80,089 cuts announced in May 2023. The figure is unlikely to directly affect the USD index but will add to the impact of the ADP report.

Valeria Bednarik, Chief Analyst at FXStreet, takes a technical look at charts and says: “The USD Index hovers around 106.00, trading near its June monthly high at 106.13. According to the daily chart, the Index is poised to extend its advance, given the positive momentum of technical indicators, advancing within positive levels. Furthermore, the USD Index trades above all its moving averages, with the 20 Simple Moving Average (SMA) gaining upward traction above the longer ones. The next relevant level to watch is 106.49, the high posted on May 1 in the Fed’s monetary policy decision aftermath. The bullish case will be supported by a better-than-anticipated report.”

Bednarik adds: “Should the ADP figure disappoint, the USD Index may enter a corrective decline, as a sustained decline remains out of the picture for now. A strong support level comes at 105.40, followed by the 105.10 price zone.”

Employment FAQs

Labor market conditions are a key element in assessing the health of an economy and thus a key driver for currency valuation. High employment, or low unemployment, has positive implications for consumer spending and economic growth, boosting the value of the local currency. Moreover, a very tight labor market – a situation in which there is a shortage of workers to fill open positions – can also have implications on inflation levels because low labor supply and high demand leads to higher wages.

The pace at which salaries are growing in an economy is key for policymakers. High wage growth means that households have more money to spend, usually leading to price increases in consumer goods. In contrast to more volatile sources of inflation such as energy prices, wage growth is seen as a key component of underlying and persisting inflation as salary increases are unlikely to be undone. Central banks around the world pay close attention to wage growth data when deciding on monetary policy.

The weight that each central bank assigns to labor market conditions depends on its objectives. Some central banks explicitly have mandates related to the labor market beyond controlling inflation levels. The US Federal Reserve (Fed), for example, has the dual mandate of promoting maximum employment and stable prices. Meanwhile, the European Central Bank’s (ECB) sole mandate is to keep inflation under control. Still, and despite whatever mandates they have, labor market conditions are an important factor for policymakers given their significance as a gauge of the health of the economy and their direct relationship to inflation.


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