European flag ECB

In March 2015 the ECB started a quantitative easing programme,  an extreme monetary policy to expand the money supply, either by lowering interest rates or through open market operations.

It’s usually used when almost all of the measures to reactivate economy fail and central banks have to experiment other tools to encourage banks to pump money into the economy.

Following the QE programme, known unofficially as “Plan Draghi” in the Eurozone, the ECB has bought since March 2015 over 60 billion worth of assets each month. Basically the ECB is buying bonds issued by governments or public institutions in the eurozone (such as the European Investment Bank ) with a maturity between 2 and 30 years.

Supposedly, the programme is planned to finish in September of 2016 but this plan generates a lot of questions.

 

But, what is exactly Quantitative Easing?

ECBIn practical terms, QE means that central banks create money out of nothing to buy securities, such as government bonds. This new money swells the size of bank reserves by the quantity of assets purchased and that’s why this programme is called Quantitative Easings. The money supply is intended to flood financial institutions with capital in an effort to stimulate lending and increase liquidity.

Much of the governments’ debt is held by banks in the Eurozone and the ECB wants them to give more credits. If the ECB buys government bonds, their prices rise and profitability drop even more. This is a liquidity-providing operation that weakens the value of the euro. This depreciation makes European exports cheaper and competitive, and ultimately, helps in recovering. In addition, as a result of the stimulus to internal and external consumption, the ECB combats the risk of deflation, a widespread and prolonged drop in prices, as well as the high unemployment.

Another QE's important aim is limiting investors appetite for government debt and promote that they divert their money to a more profitable investment in the production economy.
 

 

 

 

Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers. The author will not be held responsible for information that is found at the end of links posted on this page.

If not otherwise explicitly mentioned in the body of the article, at the time of writing, the author has no position in any stock mentioned in this article and no business relationship with any company mentioned. The author has not received compensation for writing this article, other than from FXStreet.

FXStreet and the author do not provide personalized recommendations. The author makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability of this information. FXStreet and the author will not be liable for any errors, omissions or any losses, injuries or damages arising from this information and its display or use. Errors and omissions excepted.

The author and FXStreet are not registered investment advisors and nothing in this article is intended to be investment advice.

Education feed

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD pierces 1.1655 resistance as firmer sentiment weighs on USD

EUR/USD is holding higher ground above 1.1650 ahead of the German IFO survey. Weaker US Treasury yields, risk reset weigh on US dollar. ECB, US GDP in focus but China headlines, Fed tapering concerns will lead the sentiment.

EUR/USD News

GBP/USD jumps towards 1.3800 amid Brexit hopes, weaker dollar

GBP/USD is advancing towards 1.3800, snapping a two-day downtrend as the US dollar loses ground amid an improving risk tone. UK's Frost hints at compromise on Northern Ireland’s post-Brexit trade rules. BOE-speak, China news in focus. 

GBP/USD News

USD/JPY remains depressed below 113.50 amid weaker US dollar

USD/JPY moves lower for the fourth straight day on Monday following the consistent downward pressure on the US dollar. The pair retreated from the highs of 2018 high near 114.69 on Wednesday. Investors discount interest rate hike expectations amid Powell's comment.

USD/JPY News

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD pierces 1.1655 resistance as firmer sentiment weighs on USD

EUR/USD is holding higher ground above 1.1650 ahead of the German IFO survey. Weaker US Treasury yields, risk reset weigh on US dollar. ECB, US GDP in focus but China headlines, Fed tapering concerns will lead the sentiment.

EUR/USD News

GBP/USD jumps towards 1.3800 amid Brexit hopes, weaker dollar

GBP/USD is advancing towards 1.3800, snapping a two-day downtrend as the US dollar loses ground amid an improving risk tone. UK's Frost hints at compromise on Northern Ireland’s post-Brexit trade rules. BOE-speak, China news in focus. 

GBP/USD News

Gold hovers around $1,800 amid softer USD

Gold trades with gains on Monday, extending the previous week’s upside momentum. The yellow metal posts the gains for the fifth straight session. The US benchmark 10-year Treasury yields trade below 1.65%, with 0.78% losses, enhancing non-yielding bullion’s appeal.

Gold News

SafeMoon price presents a buy opportunity before 35% gains

SafeMoon price coils up under a crucial resistance level at $0.00000239. A sudden burst in buying pressure that shatters this barrier can kick-start a 35% ascent. In some cases, SAFEMOON could pull back to $0.00000198 or $0.00000175 support floors.

Read more

Wall Street Week Ahead: Huge week of earnings ahead AAPL, MSFT, GOOGL, AMZN, FB

Equity markets remain elevated with more all-time highs on Thursday for the broader S&P 500 while the Dow registered new highs on Wednesday and Thursday. So far late into Friday's session, the markets are seeing some profit-taking to end a solid week.

Read more

RECOMMENDED LESSONS

7 Ways to Avoid Forex Scams

The forex industry is recently seeing more and more scams. Here are 7 ways to avoid losing your money in such scams: Forex scams are becoming frequent. Michael Greenberg reports on luxurious expenses, including a submarine bought from the money taken from forex traders. Here’s another report of a forex fraud. So, how can we avoid falling in such forex scams?

What Are the 10 Fatal Mistakes Traders Make

Trading is exciting. Trading is hard. Trading is extremely hard. Some say that it takes more than 10,000 hours to master. Others believe that trading is the way to quick riches. They might be both wrong. What is important to know that no matter how experienced you are, mistakes will be part of the trading process.

Strategy

Money Management

Psychology