Students who take their education seriously are the ones who seek answers for the questions they may have. That is the value in joining the Online Trading Academy family. There are always knowledgeable people ready to help their fellow traders.
A common question I often receive from students is about pivot highs and lows. They want to know what they are looking for on a chart and, of course, the proper strategy for trading them. Some time ago I received an email asking about the difference between basing and pivots. Let’s examine them and figure it out.
What Is a Base?
When I am looking for entry and exit points while using Online Trading Academy’s core strategy, I focus on finding the origin of imbalance between demand and supply. This usually comes near a base. To me, a base is a pause in price movement. It could be as short as one candle in a strong trend or many candles where price moved sideways before trending again. In our courses we teach you how to identify the four price patterns that use bases for originating supply or demand zones.
What Is a Pivot?
Pivots are a turning point in price where you have three candles that exhibit a particular price pattern. A pivot high is a particular pattern where you have a candle that has made a high while the candle just before and after it would have both lower highs and lower lows than the middle candle. A pivot low would be a low surrounded by candles that made higher highs.
I do not focus as much on these pivots in my trading as I do the supply and demand zones. Often these pivots will be our opportunity to enter into a trade as they are usually a test of a prior demand or supply zone. These pivots can also be useful for identifying the trend as part of Online Trading Academy’s Core Strategy.
In the past, I discussed a type of trading analysis called Gann Theory. This is a popular style of analysis that looks at patterns and repeatable price action based on time. Gann Theory also uses these pivots to identify trends.
There are three trends applicable to any timeframe which you are analyzing: Minor, Intermediate and Major. That also means that there are three types of swing highs and lows that correspond with these trends. Let’s examine the definitions of the swing bottoms (lows) and swing tops (highs).
Gann Minor Swings:
A minor bottom is a low price compared to previous lows followed immediately on the next bar or candle by a higher low and a higher high. The minor top is a higher high compared to previous highs in price followed immediately by a lower high with a lower low.
Gann Intermediate Swings:
The intermediate bottom is also a lower low compared to previous lows. However, it differs in that the immediate high that follows must be higher than the previous two bars or candles. The intermediate top is a higher high than previous highs that is immediately followed by a low that is lower than the previous two lows.
Gann Major Swings:
A major bottom will hold much significance to a trader using Gann Theory for their analysis. A major bottom would be a low price on a bar or candle that is lower than previous lows but is immediately followed by… you guessed it, a high that is higher than the previous three bars or candle highs. The major top is a high that is higher than previous price action followed immediately by a low that is lower than the previous three bars or candles.
If you see price breaking a previous swing top, then you are in an uptrend in the timeframe and level (minor, intermediate, or major) that you are trading in. You would continue to trade only in the long direction until you break a previous swing bottom of the same degree. For instance, the following chart opens the day with a minor swing bottom. If we were already in an intermediate uptrend, a trader could use that as an opportunity to trade long intraday until a swing bottom is broken. In fact, they may want to enter or add to longs when a new swing bottom is formed. After the minor swing bottom is broken a trader should wait for a new intermediate or major swing bottom to form before entering any new long positions.
In Gann trend analysis, a downtrend occurs when price breaks a swing bottom. If price moves downward in a defined uptrend but does not break a swing bottom, it is called a correction and the trader has no need to exit their long. A break of a swing bottom would constitute an exit signal.
The rules would be the same for a downtrend. Once a major downtrend has been established for the timeframe you are trading in, you could look to short intermediate or minor swing tops until they are broken.
This is only one small part of the Core Strategy and traders and investors should take the time to fully educate themselves in the strategy before risking any money in the markets.