- FOMC hikes 75 basis points to a 1.75% upper target.
- Fed funds expected to be 3.4% at year end, up from 1.9%.
- Retail sales drop 0.3% in May, missing the 0.2% forecast.
- Atlanta Fed Q2 GDP estimate falls from 0.9% to 0%.
“There is no sign I can see of a broader slowdown in the economy…We are not trying to induce a recession,” Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell.
Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell put a brave face on the bank’s largest rate increase in 28 years, the third in as many meetings. “It does appear the US economy is strong and well positioned to withstand higher interest rates.” Markets took the unexpected acceleration in rate hikes in stride but the US economy is showing signs of inflation fatigue despite the Fed's positive assertion.
Fed funds rate
Today’s 75 basis point hike to 1.75% was prompted by an 8.6% reading in May’s annual Consumer Price Index (CPI).
That unexpected acceleration above the March high of 8.5% led the Fed to take the unusual step of changing its rate outlook during its two-week media blackout before the Federal Open Market Committee Meeting (FOMC). An anonymous and assumed Fed source informed the Wall Street Journal, whose article on Monday alerted markets that the rate prescription had changed from 0.5%.
The Fed also issued its updated economic and rate projections, the second of four each year.
The year-end estimate for the fed funds rate rose to 3.4% from 1.9% in March, implying a doubling from its current level. Economic growth in 2022 dropped to 1.7% from 2.8%, PCE inflation rose to 5.2% from 4.3% and core to 4.3% from 4.1%. Inflation is still expected to decline in 2023 to 2.6% for headline and 2.7% for core, barely changed from the March projections.
There were no changes to the balance sheet reduction program that began this month with a $47.5 billion roll-off of maturing securities.
After some initial uncertainty markets responded to the Fed’s rate increase with relief that it was not a more drastic 100 basis points.
Equities rebounded from initial losses to post substantial gains. The Dow added 1.0%, 303.70 points to 30,668.53 and the S&P 500 rose 1.46%, 54.51 points to 3,789.99. The NASDAQ jumped 2.50%, 270.81 points after a long string of losses to 11,099.16.
Treasury yields retreated with the 10-year losing 8.4 points to 3.311% and the 2-year dropping 6.2 points to 3.217%.
The dollar also lost ground after early gains, falling small amounts in all major pairs on the reversing credit yields.
Inflation, consumers and the Fed
The Fed has consistently underestimated inflation. Chair Powell and other officials insisted for most of last year that price increases were transitory, as CPI climbed from 1.4% in January to 5.4% in June and 7.0% in December. The April drop to 8.3% was taken as a sign that prices had begun to decline. The reverse to 8.6% in May was clearly a shock to the policymakers.
Consumers were probably not surprised. It seems that 16 months of rising inflation may be all the family budget can tolerate.
Retail Sales dipped 0.3% in May instead of rising 0.2%. The Control Group category that mimics the consumption component of GDP was flat, well below its 0.5% forecast.
Consumer discontent was reflected in the June Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index, released last Friday, which skidded to 50.2, its lowest reading in the more than 50 year series history.
Michigan Consumer Sentiment
In response to a number of recent economic statistics including the sales numbers, the Atlanta Fed GDPNow second quarter estimate dropped from 0.9% to 0%. First quarter GDP was -1.5%.
The Federal Reserve is facing an economic situation that has forced it to make the most unpalatable choice there is for a central banker. Growth or inflation.
Inflation is devastating for consumers, and especially painful when necessities, food, energy and shelter are rising even faster than overall prices. Families first turn to savings but that cannot last and soon households begin to cut back on spending. Once that begins, and May’s drop was ominous though hardly conclusive, the odds of a recession rise sharply.
The Fed has promised to thwart inflation running at its highest pace in four decades, even though rate increases work through slowing economic growth and job creation. Policy makers could not give inflation a pass to preserve jobs even if they wanted to, because price increases force consumers to curtail spending, eventually reducing economic growth whether the Fed raises rates or not.
Having let inflation escape its control, Fed governors have no leeway for action. Either they risk a recession now with rate increases or inflation will deliver one in a few months anyway.
Mr. Powell managed to reassure markets, which are his main audience, but his words will do little to buoy spirits across the country. Americans will make their own decisions. Unless there is a swift and dramatic improvement in inflation, the window for a soft-landing has probably already closed.
Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers. The author will not be held responsible for information that is found at the end of links posted on this page.
If not otherwise explicitly mentioned in the body of the article, at the time of writing, the author has no position in any stock mentioned in this article and no business relationship with any company mentioned. The author has not received compensation for writing this article, other than from FXStreet.
FXStreet and the author do not provide personalized recommendations. The author makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability of this information. FXStreet and the author will not be liable for any errors, omissions or any losses, injuries or damages arising from this information and its display or use. Errors and omissions excepted.
The author and FXStreet are not registered investment advisors and nothing in this article is intended to be investment advice.
Follow us on Telegram
Stay updated of all the news
EUR/USD holds steady above 1.0750 on improving risk mood
EUR/USD continues to trade above 1.0750 on Monday. The data from Germany showed that IFO Business Climate Index improved to 93.3 in March from 91.1 in February, helping the Euro stay resilient against the US Dollar. The risk-positive atmosphere further supports the pair.
GBP/USD regains 1.2250, Bailey speech eyed
GBP/USD clings to modest gains above 1.2250 on improving risk mood on Monday. The US Dollar struggles to gather strength despite rising US Treasury bond yields. In the absence of high-impact data releases, investors will pay close attention to BOE Governor Bailey's speech.
Gold extends slide to $1,950 as US yields rebound
Gold price has extended its daily slide to the $1,950 area in the European session. Amid easing fears over a global banking crisis, the benchmark 10-year US Treasury bond yield rebounds toward 3.5% on Monday, weighing heavily on XAU/USD.
Four reasons why SUSHI holders will have a bullish week despite SEC's move
SushiSwap price undid the early March gains in the last week after the SEC subpoenaed the platform’s head chef Jared Grey. As a result of this announcement, the token collapsed by roughly 18%.
BABA edges higher after Jack Ma returns to China for AI talk
Alibaba (BABA) shareholders begin the week with a glimmer of hope after founder Jack Ma was seen visiting China after spending more than one year abroad – a sojourn that had led many investors to believe the enmity between the ecommerce giant and Beijing had yet to dissolve.