US Dollar traded soft while markets eye Fed's Beige Book


  • Strong Consumer Confidence and Housing sector data didn’t trigger movements in the USD.
  • Next highlight will be Wednesday’s Fed's Beige Book report where markets will get a clearer outlook on the US economy’s health.
  • PCE and GDP revisions are the week’s highlights.

The US Dollar Index (DXY) is slowly declining as US markets prepare for the release of economic data this week. On Tuesday, the US reported strong Confidence and Housing sector data, but the USD remains soft ahead of high-tier data to be released during the week.

Despite some mild losses and the markets continuing to give up hopes for an interest rate cut in June or July, the resilient US economy allows the Fed to maintain its cautious stance, which cushions the US Dollar. Thursday's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) will set the pace for bets on upcoming Federal Reserve (Fed) decisions. The current odds predict a first cut in September.

Daily digest market movers: DXY experiences mild losses despite strong low-tier data, focus on Fed's cautious stance

  • The Conference Board's Consumer Confidence has come out stronger than expected at 102, versus the anticipated 96.
  • Furthermore, the S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices beat expectations with a 7.4% YoY print in March.
  • April’s Personal Consumption Expenditure (PCE), the Fed’s preferred gauge of inflation, is seen remaining at 2.7% YoY for headline inflation and 2.8% for core. The Q1 GDP is expected to be revised higher.
  • The outcome of this data will continue to shape expectations on the easing cycle, dictating the pace of the USD.

DXY technical analysis: Greenback witnesses sustained selling pressure and bear command

The daily chart indicators continue to show mounting steady bearish momentum in the DXY. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) maintains a negative slope and remains in a selling zone, indicating prevailing selling pressure. This is even more evident with the red bars of the Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) indicator that showcase bearish momentum.

In terms of Simple Moving Averages (SMAs), despite the DXY operating below the 20-day SMA and displaying bears’ short-term efficiency, it continues to remain above the 100 and 200-day SMAs, suggesting bulls have relative strength over a more extended timeline.

Fed FAQs

Monetary policy in the US is shaped by the Federal Reserve (Fed). The Fed has two mandates: to achieve price stability and foster full employment. Its primary tool to achieve these goals is by adjusting interest rates. When prices are rising too quickly and inflation is above the Fed’s 2% target, it raises interest rates, increasing borrowing costs throughout the economy. This results in a stronger US Dollar (USD) as it makes the US a more attractive place for international investors to park their money. When inflation falls below 2% or the Unemployment Rate is too high, the Fed may lower interest rates to encourage borrowing, which weighs on the Greenback.

The Federal Reserve (Fed) holds eight policy meetings a year, where the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) assesses economic conditions and makes monetary policy decisions. The FOMC is attended by twelve Fed officials – the seven members of the Board of Governors, the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and four of the remaining eleven regional Reserve Bank presidents, who serve one-year terms on a rotating basis.

In extreme situations, the Federal Reserve may resort to a policy named Quantitative Easing (QE). QE is the process by which the Fed substantially increases the flow of credit in a stuck financial system. It is a non-standard policy measure used during crises or when inflation is extremely low. It was the Fed’s weapon of choice during the Great Financial Crisis in 2008. It involves the Fed printing more Dollars and using them to buy high grade bonds from financial institutions. QE usually weakens the US Dollar.

Quantitative tightening (QT) is the reverse process of QE, whereby the Federal Reserve stops buying bonds from financial institutions and does not reinvest the principal from the bonds it holds maturing, to purchase new bonds. It is usually positive for the value of the US Dollar.

 

 

 

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