Stocks ease ahead of Fed, pricing pressures grow, retail sales drop, mixed dollar

US stocks are slightly softer heading into the FOMC as the stimulus boost wanes, inflation fears grow, and the economic recovery shows signs of softening.  A wrath of US economic data delivered a somewhat mixed picture for Fed policy, but mostly confirmed a wait-and-see approach for the Fed. 

US Data

Consumer activity is falling as prices continue to rise and as money heads into the service sector.  Retail sales (ex-auto) in May showed an unexpected decline of 0.7%, a big miss of the expected 0.4% gain.  The car market is still filled inflated prices and many consumers are content waiting till the end of year to buy a car.  Less stimulus, slowing car demand, and pricing pressures helped deliver a headline drop of 1.3%.  Upward revisions occurred across all of the April retail sales readings, so that should help with the second quarter growth readings. 

Big increases with producer prices in May supported the growing argument that the US consumer is going to see higher prices in the near future.  The 6.6% annual surge in PPI was the largest on record and provides further ammunition for businesses to pass on higher costs to the consumer.  The argument that this rise in pricing pressures will be transitory still holds.  The majority of the May increases for final demand looks like it could be temporary as the chip shortage should be rectified in the coming months and as many commodities have started to pullback. 

The June Empire State Manufacturing survey declined but is still showing strength.  New orders dropped from 28.9 to 16.3, while Shipments fell 29.7 to 14.2.  Transitory inflation bettors pounded their chests after seeing both prices paid and received drop a few percentage points. This survey will closely be compared across the other regional surveys and if a repeat happens next month that will start to draw more attention over a slower recovery and nearing a possible peak in pricing pressures. 


The dollar was mixed against its major trading partners as commodity currencies continue to slide and the euro was bolstered after Germany’s CPI report showed inflation continues to rally above the ECB’s inflation target.  The Bundesbank also raised their inflation outlook for this year to 2.6% and noted they would not be surprised to see it reach 4% by year end.  Higher yields and a slightly risk-off tone is driving some flows into the dollar.    

The dollar was unfazed after a strong 20-year auction.  Investors fought to get their hands on 20-year bonds which means many are expecting lower bond yields for a lot longer.  


Even non-energy traders are placing bets that oil prices will continue to rise. Everyone is turning overly bullish with crude prices.  Energy stocks have outperformed this year as oil prices hardly show any signs of slowing down.  The crude demand outlook is very robust as recoveries across the US, Europe and Asia, will have demand return to pre-COVID levels in the second half of next year.  With the lack of investment in new wells leaving this market very sensitive to spikes in oil prices on any unforeseen disruptions.  

Oil prices continue to extend higher into overbought territory but that could end if the Fed delivers a less dovish tone tomorrow that sends the dollar tentatively higher.  WTI crude should struggle to extend gains well beyond the $72.00 level.   


Gold’s gotten beaten up ahead of the FOMC policy decision as investors are pricing in a major pivot from the Fed.  While traders are divided over the inflation debate, most agree that now is the time to talk about reducing asset purchases.  Heading into this Fed meeting a ton of dovishness has already been priced in so many gold traders have been quick to lock in profits. 

The Fed will finally start to talk about tapering, but that probably won’t actually happen until the very end of this year if not early next.  Gold volatility will remain elevated throughout the initial reaction and days post-Fed.  The Fed will likely remain in wait-and-see mode with both inflation and the labor market recovery for the next few months and that should be supportive for inflows into gold.  Gold’s path back towards the $2000 level should remain intact even if they signal tapering in late August (Jackson Hole Symposium)/September, with it actually happening in December.  The Fed’s not ready to abandon its ultra-accommodative stance just yet and that should keep gold bulls happy. 


While the rest of Wall Street struggles to lock in any meaningful positions ahead of the Fed, Bitcoin bulls have been louder than ever that crypto fundamentals have shifted back to bullishness.  A plethora of endorsements from Musk and Tudor Jones, successful offerings from MicroStrategy, and the first network update in four years have helped Bitcoin rally back around the $40,000 level. 

Bitcoin has had a good week, as investors become more optimistic that ESG concerns will quickly be addressed in the coming months, smart contracts may launch in November following the Taproot upgrade, and as crypto traders anticipate upcoming regulations will likely lead to a consolidation of cryptocurrencies that should benefit the dominant players. 

Heading into the FOMC, Bitcoin could see limited downward pressure if a less dovish Fed sends the dollar bouncing back.  Bitcoin has shown it is reading to rally beyond the $30,000 to $40,000 trading range.  Post any Fed driven weakness, Bitcoin should find the $42,500 as the next key resistance level.   

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities.

Opinions are the authors — not necessarily OANDA’s, its officers or directors. OANDA’s Terms of Use and Privacy Policy apply. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Feed news

Latest Forex Analysis

Latest Forex Analysis

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD remains depressed below 1.1850 after the Fed's taper talk

EUR/USD is trading under 1.1850, hit by hawkish comments by the Fed's Clarida and Daly. The bank is nearing tapering its bond-buying scheme, a move that could happen this year. US jobless claims and a speech from the Fed's Waller are eyed.


GBP/USD flirts with 1.3900 ahead of the BOE's Super Thursday

GBP/USD is licking its wounds around 1.3900 ahead of the BOE’s Super Thursday rate decision in which it also releases new forecasts. Declining covid cases are supporting sterling while hawkish comments from the Fed's Clarida are boosting the dollar.


XAU/USD off highs, steady around $1810 ahead of BOE, US data

Gold price is trading almost unchanged on the day, unable to hold at higher levels, despite the latest pullback in the US dollar across the board. The cautious tone across the European markets fuelled the risk-off flows in the US Treasuries, downing the yields alongside the dollar.

Gold News

Cryptocurrency markets make comeback as BTC bulls resurface

Bitcoin price taking a second attempt at an upswing to retest $42,451. Ethereum price has flipped a crucial resistance level at $2,640 into a support barrier.

Read more

Bank of England Preview: Five reasons the doves are set to win Super Thursday

An epic battle between hawks and doves on Super Thursday? That is a dramatic way to view the Bank of England's upcoming rate decision – yet there are good reasons to expect doves to carry the day. That would send sterling down. 

Read more