European stock markets firmed up on Tuesday morning following a choppy on Wall Street that left the major US indices lower for the session. Asian equities managed to make gains and US futures are a little higher this morning. Oil has risen as the G7 proposed new sanctions on Russian fossil fuels and the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve fell to its lowest since 1986. Ten-year Treasury yields are higher at 3.22% this morning. Watch for central bank speakers today with the Sintra conference in full swing, plus Nato is set to detail how it will beef up its Eastern flank as leaders meet in Madrid today. It will also label China a ‘challenge’ as part of its new 10-year security doctrine that will increase rapid reaction forces on its Eastern flank to 300,000 from 40,000.
Reports this morning indicate the G7 has agreed a deal to cap Russian oil prices...hard to see this do anything other than further tighten supply and create a black market. Brent crude futures this morning trade above $112, whilst WTI is near $111. A flash report this morning said the deal was agreed 'overcoming obstructions caused by France'...the motto of many an international organisation no doubt. President Macron was caught on camera telling President Joe Biden about a call he’d just had with ‘MBZ’ - leader of the United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan. “He told me two things,” said Macron in front of journalists. “One, I’m at a maximum, maximum [production capacity] – what he claims… Second, according to MBZ, the Saudis can increase a little bit, by 150 [thousand barrels per day] or a little bit more, but they don’t have huge capacities at least before six months’ time.” Lots to unpick here but first to say it’s not very discreet ahead of Biden’s visit to Saudi Arabia. Plus it’s wrong. What’s he quoting is based on their quotas for shared production cuts. Saudi Arabia does have more capacity - “the blind leading the blind and when it comes to understanding oil policy”, as Energy Intel’s Amena Bakr points out. Macron also wanted Venezuelan and Iranian oil back on the market, something the US was never going to agree to.
OPEC convenes this week and is expected to leave production for July and August as agreed at the June meeting, but there could be a discussion on September increases. Meanwhile, supply disruptions continue in Ecuador and Libya are supporting prices/ Libya is close to a force majeure in the Gulf of Sirte within days, whilst Ecuador might suspend exports due to unrest.
As for stocks, it’s been the worst start to the year for decades for US and other global equities – when it’s that bad you shouldn’t be surprised by sharp rallies like the kind we saw on Friday when the S&P 500 enjoyed its best day since May 2020. Not the kind of market you would be terribly confident to take a long-term position as all the reasons why it’s a bear market are still evident. Lack of follow-through from Friday’s sharp bounce shows investors are still very cautious about this market. But…inflation expectations are showing signs of rolling over – past peak fear? PCE data this week will be important for the near-term direction, but still think earnings are going to be worse than expected and this could be the next catalyst for a leg lower.
Durable goods were up more than expected...indicates robust demand but still growth is slowing and will likely decline as higher energy prices weigh on business investment. Morgan Stanley: “Falling yields and lower oil prices have lowered the terminal rate for the Fed… Last week, the market took the bullish view which may last a few more weeks before the reality of lower earnings arrives and the bear market resumes.”
Whilst durable goods held up, the Dallas Fed manufacturing survey sank to its weakest since May 2020. The index dropped to -17.7 as new Orders fell into negative territory and employment weakened. The outlook uncertainty index shot up to 43.7, a 17-point jump from May.
Some choice comments from survey respondents about the Biden administration and the Fed:
We’ll all be lucky to have a job with two more years of this disaster.
You can’t ignore the economic fundamentals leading to a likely recession, and the administration [in Washington] is either stubborn or as paralyzed as a deer in headlights. The Federal Reserve is slow to react and will have to hit the brakes harder than they should have had to do.
The supply chain is a nightmare, while prices are increasing. It’s difficult to find employees, and the ones we can find are expecting more pay.
The Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow model estimate for real GDP growth in the second quarter of 2022 ticked back up to 0.3 percent on June 27, up from 0.0 percent on June 16th. This still leaves plenty of margin for error for a technical recession.
Meanwhile, German consumer confidence plunged to a record low in June after a brief respite in May. Consumer sentiment continued its downward spiral to – 27.4, the lowest since records began in 1991. “Consumers continue to see a significant risk of the German economy slipping into recession,” GfK said. “Supply chain problems and the war in Ukraine are currently hindering production in Germany. In addition, private consumption, which is an important pillar of economic growth, is threatening to slump due to the high level of inflation.”
ECB's Kazaks (hawk) said the base case for the central bank is to hike by 25bps and 50bps in September, as the latest statement indicated was the case. However, he said it would be worth looking at 50bps in July...unlikely that the ECB would do anything to diverge from what they have set out – they have not been in a rush to tighten and show little inclination to change. Speaking this morning ECB chief Christine Lagarde reaffirmed the June statement – 25bps in July and larger in September if needed. As noted on Jun 10th: “The notes from the ECB said that ‘If the medium-term inflation outlook persists or deteriorates; a larger increment will be appropriate at the September meeting’. Clarifying this later, Christine Lagarde said this would mean the 2024 inflation projection remaining at 2.1% or worse. I find it impossible to believe that this will improve, so I’d suggest that 50bps is looking very likely for September.” Lagarde this morning has not suggested any different. However, she did say: "There are conditions where gradualism would NOT be appropriate: If we were to see higher inflation threatening to de-anchor inflation expectations or signs of more permanent loss of economic potential - we would need to withdraw accommodation more promptly"
Nike earnings topped estimates on the top and bottom line despite lockdowns in China, supply chain problems and rising costs. Sales in North America declined 5%, though this was not nearly as bad as the 19% fall in Greater China. The CFO pointed out that declines are due to transitory factors – Nike as a brand is not diminished as such. Nevertheless, shares declined almost 3% after-hours, extending the 2% drop in the normal session.
ARKK update – Bloomberg says $639m flowed into the fund over a period of eight straight days – the best inflows since March 2021 shortly the ETF peaked….the bottom isn’t in.
Finally, the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) has warned that the world is on the cusp of a ‘paradigm shift’ in the inflation regime...more on this in the coming days.
RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT In consideration of Safecap Limited (“Safecap”) agreeing to enter into over-the-counter (“OTC”) contracts for differences (“CFDs”) and spot foreign exchange contracts (“Spot FX Contracts”) with the undersigned (hereinafter referred to as the “Customer”, “you”, “your”), Customer acknowledges, understands and agrees that: 1. Trading Is Very Speculative and Risky. Trading CFDs and Spot FX Contracts is highly speculative and is suitable only for those customers who (a) understand and are willing to assume the economic, legal and other risks involved, and (b) are financially able to assume losses significantly in excess of margin or deposits. Neither CFDs nor Spot FX Contracts are appropriate investments for retirement funds. Customer represents, warrants and agrees that Customer understands these risks, is willing and able, financially and otherwise, to assume the risks of trading CFDs and Spot FX Contracts and that the loss of Customer’s entire Account balance will not change Customer’s lifestyle. 2. High Leverage And Low Margin Can Lead To Quick Losses. A high degree of leverage is associated with both CFDs and Spot FX Contracts, which generally involves a small deposit relative to the size of the Transaction. This can be both advantageous and disadvantageous. A small price movement in your favour can provide a high return on the deposit, however, a small price movement against you may result in significant losses which could exceed the money placed on deposit. Such losses can occur quickly. 3. Margin Requirements. Customer must maintain the minimum margin requirement on their open positions at all times. It is Customer's responsibility to monitor his/her Account balance. 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OTC transactions may involve greater risk than investing in on-exchange contracts because there is no exchange market on which to close out an open position. It may be impossible to liquidate an existing position, to assess the value of the position arising from an OTC transaction or to assess the exposure to risk. Bid Prices and Ask Prices need not be quoted by us, based on best execution policies applicable in the market. There is no central clearing and no guarantee by any other party of Safecap’s payment obligations to the Customer. Customer must look only to Safecap for performance of all contracts in Customer’s Account and for return of any Margin or collateral. 7. CFDs and Spot FX Contracts. Trading CFDs and Spot FX Contracts carries a high degree of risk. The gearing or leverage often obtainable in such trading means that a relatively small market movement can lead to a proportionately much larger movement in the value of your liability. You should be aware of the implications of this, in particular, the Margin requirements. 8. Prices, Margin And Valuations Are Set By Safecap And May Be Different From Prices Reported Elsewhere. Safecap will provide prices to be used in trading, valuation of Customer positions and determination of Margin requirements in accordance with its Trading Policies and Procedures and Market Information Sheets. The performance of your CFD or Spot FX Contract will depend on the prices set by Safecap and market fluctuations in the underlying asset to which your contract relates. Our prices for a given market are calculated by reference to the price of the relevant underlying asset which we obtain from third party external reference sources or exchanges. For our Spot FX Contracts, we obtain price data from wholesale market participants. 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Where the CFD or Spot FX Contract is settled in a currency other than your base currency, the value of your return may be affected by its conversion into the base currency. 12. One Click Trading And Immediate Execution. Safecap’s Online Trading System provide immediate transmission of Customer’s Order once Customer enters the notional amount and clicks “Buy/Sell.” This means that there is no opportunity to review the Order after clicking “Buy/Sell” and Market Orders cannot be cancelled. This feature may be different from other trading systems you have used. Customer should utilize the Demo Trading System to become familiar with the Online Trading System before actually trading online with Safecap. Customer acknowledges and agrees that by using Safecap’s Online Trading System, Customer agrees to the one-click system and accepts the risk of this immediate transmission feature. 13. Telephone Orders And Immediate Execution. Market Orders executed through the Safecap Trading Desk are completed when the Safecap telephone operator says “deal” or “done” following Customer’s placing of an Order. Upon such confirmation of the telephone operator, Customer has bought or sold and cannot cancel the Market Order. By placing Market Orders through the Safecap Trading Desk, Customer agrees to such immediate execution and accepts the risk of this immediate execution feature. 14. Safecap Is Not An Adviser Or A Fiduciary To Customer. Where Safecap provides generic market recommendations, such generic recommendations do not constitute a personal recommendation or investment advice and have not considered any of your personal circumstances or your investment objectives, nor is it an offer to buy or sell, or the solicitation of an offer to buy or sell, any Foreign Exchange Contracts or Cross Currency Contracts. 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Customer is aware of the risks inherent in trading CFDs and Spot FX Contracts and is financially able to bear such risks and withstand any losses incurred. 17. Customer May Not Be Able To Close Open Positions. Due to market conditions which may cause any unusual market price fluctuations, or other circumstances Safecap may be unable to close out Customer’s position at the price specified by Customer and Customer agrees that Safecap will bear no liability for a failure to do so. 18. Internet Trading. When Customer trades online (via the internet), Safecap shall not be liable for any claims, losses, damages, costs or expenses, caused, directly or indirectly, by any malfunction or failure of any transmission, communication system, computer facility or trading software, whether belonging to Safecap, Customer, any exchange or any settlement or clearing system. 19. Telephone Orders. 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These prevailing market prices will be the prices, which are ultimately reflected on the Customer statements. This may or may not adversely affect the Customer’s realized and unrealized gains and losses. 21. Compensation. Safecap participates in the Investor Compensation Fund for clients of Investment Firms regulated in the Republic of Cyprus. Customers will be entitled to compensation under the Investor Compensation Fund where we are unable to meet our duties and obligations arising from your claim. Any compensation provided to you by the Investor Compensation Fund shall not exceed twenty thousand Euro (20.000). This applies to your aggregate claims against us. TRADING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES 1. INTRODUCTION Safecap’s Trading Policies and Procedures are an integral part of your Customer Agreement. It is your responsibility to carefully read these Trading Policies and Procedures and to inform Safecap of any questions or objections that you may have regarding them before entering each and every Transaction. You agree, represent, warrant and certify that you understand and accept Safecap’s Trading Policies and Procedures, as set forth here and as may be amended from time to time by Safecap, in its sole discretion, and you agree to comply with Safecap’s Trading Policies and Procedures. Terms capitalized in these Trading Policies and Procedures are defined in the Glossary as found on Safecap website. 2. TRADING HOURS All references to Safecap’s hours of trading are in Greenwich Mean Time (“GMT”) using 24-hour format. Safecap normally provides access for trading CFDs and Spot FX Contracts via the Website from 21:00 GMT on Sunday to 21:00 GMT on Friday. Please refer to our “Instruments Table” for additional information. Safecap reserves the right to suspend or modify its trading hours at any time and on such an event will inform Customers in advance on a best efforts basis of any changes in its trading hours. Following submission of an Order, it is the sole responsibility of Customer to remain available for Order and Fill confirmations, and other communications regarding Customer’s Account until all open Orders are completed. Thereafter, Customer must monitor Customer’s Account frequently when Customer has Open Positions in the Account. 3. BEST EXECUTION 1. Safecap is authorized and regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission. We are required to take all reasonable steps to obtain the best possible result when executing client Orders. We are required to have an execution policy and to provide our clients with appropriate information in relation to our execution policy. Where you place Orders with us, the execution factors that we consider and their relative importance is as set out below: 1. Price. The relative importance we attach is “high”. 2. Speed. The relative importance we attach is “high”. 3. Likelihood of execution and settlement. The relative importance we attach is “high”. 4. Size. The relative importance we attach is “high”. 2. We are the principal to every Order you place with us and therefore we are the only execution venue. 4. ORDERS 1. Orders Placement. All Orders must be placed through the Safecap Online Trading System or by telephone to the Safecap Trading Desk. Telephone Orders are accepted in the sole discretion of Safecap. 2. Types of Orders Accepted. Some of the types of Orders Safecap accepts include, but are not limited to: 1. Good till Canceled (“GTC”) - An Order (other than a Market Order), that by its terms is effective until filled or canceled by Customer. GTC Orders do not automatically cancel at the end of the Business Day on which they are placed. 2. Limit - An Order (other than a Market Order) to buy or sell the identified market at a specified price. A Limit Order to buy generally will be executed when the Ask Price equals or falls below the Bid Price that you specify in the Limit Order. A Limit Order to sell generally will be executed when the Bid Price equals or exceeds the As Price that you specify in the Limit Order. 3. Market - An Order to buy or sell the identified market at the current market price that Safecap provides either via the Online Trading System or over the telephone through one of the dealers. An Order to buy is executed at the current market Ask Price and an Order to sell is executed at the current market Bid Price. 4. One Cancels the Other (“OCO”)- An Order that is linked to another Order. If one of the Orders is executed, the other will be automatically cancelled. 5. Stop Loss - A Stop Loss Order is an instruction to buy or sell a market at a price which is worse than the opening price of an open position (or worse than the prevailing price when applying the Stop Loss Order to an already open position). It can be used to help protect against losses. Please note that because of market gapping, the best available price that may be achieved could be materially different to the price set on the Stop Loss Order and as such, Stop Loss Orders are not guaranteed to take effect at the price for which they are set. 6. Trailing Stop - A Trailing Stop is the same as a Stop Loss Order with the only difference being that, instead of setting a price at which the Order is activated, the Trailing Stop Order is activated at a fixed distance from the market price. For example, if Customer has purchased a long open position and the market Ask Price increases, the Trailing Stop price will also increase and will trail behind the market Ask Price at the fixed distance set by Customer. If the market Ask Price then decreases, the Trailing Stop price will remain fixed at its last position and if the market Ask Price reaches the Trailing Stop price, the Order will be executed. Please note that because of market gapping, the best available price that may be achieved could be materially different to the price set on the Trailing Stop Order and as such, Trailing Stop Orders are not guaranteed to take effect at the fixed distance for which they are set. 3. One Click Order Entry/One Click Execution of Market Orders. 1. Electronic Order entry for Market Orders equals Order execution. To enter an online Order, Customer must access the Markets window, then click on “BUY/SELL” for the relevant market. A new window will appear in which the Customer enters the price and lot size. The Order is filled shortly after the Customer hits the OK button provided the Customer has sufficient funds in his Account. Orders may fail for several reasons including changing dealer prices, insufficient margin, unspecified lot size or unanticipated technical difficulties. 2. One-Click Trading. To use one-click trading, Customer must go to the “Settings” menu and choose “View and Edit”. Customer should check the “One-Click Trading” box. To enter an online Order with one-click trading, the Customer must access the Markets window and enter the price and lot size. The Order is filled shortly after the Customer clicks the BUY/SELL button provided the Customer has sufficient funds in his Account. Orders may fail for several reasons including changing dealer prices, insufficient margin, unspecified lot size or unanticipated technical difficulties. One-Click Trading can also be used when closing positions. 3. Immediate Execution of Orders Through the Safecap Trading Desk. Orders executed over the telephone with the Safecap Trading Desk are completed when the Safecap telephone operator says “deal” or “done.” At that point Customer has bought or sold and cannot cancel the Order. When placing Orders through the Safecap Trading Desk, Customer acknowledges and agrees to such immediate execution and accepts the risk of trading in this way. 4. Order Cancellation. Non-Market Orders may be cancelled via the Safecap Online Trading System. However, there is no guarantee that Customer will be able to cancel an Order before it has been executed and Safecap shall have no liability for any claims, losses, damages, costs or expenses, including legal fees, arising directly or indirectly out of the failure of such Order to be cancelled. 4. Terms of Acceptance for Orders - It is Customer’s sole responsibility to clearly indicate the terms of an Order when entered, whether it is a Market Order, Limit Order, Stop Loss Order or any other type of Order, including the relevant price and lot size. Customer acknowledges and agrees that, despite our best efforts, the price at which execution occurs may be materially different to the price specified in your Order. This may result from sudden price movements in the underlying market that are beyond our control. Safecap shall have no liability for failure to execute Orders. Safecap shall have the right, but not the obligation, to reject any Order in whole or in part prior to execution, or to cancel any Order, where Customer’s Account contains Margin that is insufficient to support the entire Order or where such Order is illegal or otherwise improper. 5. Confirmation of Execution - Transactions executed online will be confirmed online in the Open Positions window and Deal Blotter in the dealing console, which is updated online as each Transaction is executed. Telephone Orders are confirmed orally and online in the Deal Blotter and Open Positions window immediately once the Order is executed. Confirmation of execution and statements of Accounts for Customer shall be deemed correct, conclusive and binding upon Customer if not objected to immediately by email if Orders were placed through Safecap’s Online Trading System or by telephone to the Safecap Trading Desk if Orders were placed by telephone, and such objection must be confirmed in writing within five (5) days after the day on which such objection was first raised. In cases where the prevailing market represents prices different from the prices posted by Safecap, Safecap will attempt, on a best efforts basis and in good faith, to execute Market Orders on or close to the prevailing market prices. This may or may not adversely affect Customer’s Realized and Unrealized Gains and Losses. 5. CUSTOMER ACCOUNTS AND INITIAL DEPOSITS 1. Documents. Before you can place an Order with Safecap, you must read and accept the Customer Agreement, including the Risk Disclosure Statement and these Trading Policies and Procedures and all applicable addenda, you must deposit sufficient clear funds in your Account and your Customer Registration Form and all accompanying documents must be approved by Safecap. Upon the approval of your registration, you will be notified by e-mail. Safecap may, in its sole discretion, request that in addition to online acceptance of the Customer Agreement, Customer must complete and submit any signed documents so required by Safecap, including but not limited to the Customer Agreement and Risk Disclosure Statement. 2. Currency of Accounts. All Account balances will be calculated and reported only in U.S. Dollars. 6. MARGIN REQUIREMENTS Customer shall provide and maintain Margin in accordance with the terms of the Customer Agreement to secure Customer’s obligations to Safecap. Margin includes Required Margin for Open Positions, which is based on (i) the Opening Margin Requirement; (ii) the Minimum Margin Requirement; (iii) the market value of Open Positions; and (iv) any additional amount as Safecap, in its sole discretion, believes is prudent to require. Customer must maintain the Minimum Margin Requirement on their Open Positions at all times. Safecap has the right to liquidate any or all Open Positions whenever the Minimum Margin Requirement is not maintained. 7. MARGIN CALLS Safecap maintains the right to liquidate Customer positions as set out above and is under no obligation to make calls for margin. However, Customer will receive an automatic margin call notification when logged in to the Online Trading System if the Account Equity in the Online Trading System equals to or falls below 100% of the minimum margin needed to open the position(s) held (the minimum margin needed to open position(s) is referred to in the Online Trading System as ‘Used Margin’). In addition, Safecap may contact Customer and request that Customer deposit additional Collateral to secure Customer’s obligations to Safecap. Any call for additional margin without exercising the rights to liquidate Customer positions shall not be deemed precedent for future calls act as a waiver of liquidation rights by Safecap. Safecap may allow the Customer to maintain Open Positions even if the Customer has not met one or more Margin payment which is/ are due, in Safecap’s sole discretion and upon approval by the Risk Committee. 8. LIQUIDATION LEVEL Subject to all additional rights of Safecap under the Customer Agreement, in the event that the liquid funds in the Customer Account should, at any time equal or fall below 20% of the Used Margin for Customer’s Account in the aggregate, Safecap will have the right but not the obligation to close any part of or all of Customer’s Open Positions. Any failure by Safecap to enforce its rights hereunder shall not be deemed as a waiver of such rights by Safecap. Safecap may contact the Customer via the means designated by the Customer to make a call for Margin in order to secure Customer’s obligations to Safecap but is not obliged to do so. Any call for Margin without exercising the rights to liquidate Customer positions shall not be deemed a precedent for future conduct and Safecap maintains the right to liquidate Customer Positions without calling Margin. 9. WITHDRAWALS Payments from a Customer Account require a withdrawal request form signed by all required account holders and submitted in writing to Safecap. The withdrawal process requires a minimum of three (3) Business Days from receipt of the withdrawal request to the issuance of payment. Safecap will transfer any funds owing to you to your nominated bank account. Only funds owing to you and not being utilized for margin purposes or any other obligations to Safecap may be withdrawn. If a withdrawal request is for funds in excess of those funds that are available for withdrawal, Safecap will not comply with the request and the Customer will be notified accordingly. I / WE HAVE READ, UNDERSTOOD AND AGREE TO THE RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT AND THE TRADING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES SET OUT ABOVE