Judging from investors' reactions, the only thing worse that than the low volatility environment is when volatility spikes higher, as it did yesterday. Higher volatility is associated with weakening equity markets, falling interest rates, pressure on emerging markets, a strengthening yen and, sometimes, as was the case yesterday, heavier gold prices.
A fragile stability has enveloped the markets after US equities markets stabilized yesterday and the dollar recovered from earlier losses. Those dollar gains have been pared and sterling recovered from what many are calling a mini-flash crash, during which sterling fell nearly 3/4 of a cent in a matter of minutes with no apparent trigger. A combination of algorithmic trading, market fragmentation, and less liquid conditions often in the US afternoon are seen as the main culprit.
The recovery on Wall Street helped Asian and European markets steady today. The MSCI Asia Pacific Index eked out a small 0.15% gain, cutting this week's loss in half. WE note that the South Korea's KOSPI managed to post a small gain today and on the week, despite tensions on the peninsula not relaxing much, thought the Korean won weakened (0.2% on the day to be the weakest of the Asian currency complex). The won is essentially flat in the week. The US has reportedly sent another aircraft carrier into the region. Separately, China intercepted a US aircraft over the East China Sea.
European shares are doing better. The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is nearly 0.5% in late morning turnover, leaving it off 1.2% for the week and snapping a three-week advance. Materials and energy are the leading the market higher. Real estate and consumer discretionary are lagging, but all sectors are higher.
Emerging markets are doing better today as well. The MSCI Emerging equity market index ended a seven-day advance Wednesday and fell 2% yesterday. Ahead of the Latam open, it is up about 0.4% today. It four-week rally is at risk. Mexico surprised many yesterday with its sixth consecutive rate overnight rate hike (6.75% from 6.50%). The peso had largely recovered from its mostly Brazil-induced slide before the central bank met and it has continued to edge higher today.
Brazil's situation does not appear to have stabilized much. The country ETF that trades in Japan fell another 6.5% earlier today. Of the two men who led the impeachment of the former president on corruption charges, one is in jail, and the other is president and allegedly is recorded supporting payoffs to the one in jail. The other more liquid and accessible emerging market currencies like the South African rand and the Turkish lira are also recovering from yesterday's slide.
Also, earlier today S&P lifted its rating on Indonesia one step to BBB-, which brings its back into investment grade status. This brings S&P into line with the leading rating agencies. However, it has a stable outlook, while Moody's and Fitch have positive outlooks. The currency gained a little ground while the stock market surged to a new record high, and gained 2.5% on the day.
While markets are calmer than yesterday, nothing has been resolved. US political risks remain. Impeachment talk is not only unfounded but not politically realistic, even if some Democrats are pushing it. First, Trump's support among Republicans remains high, according to recent polls. Second, the Republican's have a 45-seat majority in the House of Representatives, where a vote to impeach requires a simple majority. In Senate, where the Republican's have 52 seats, only 35 votes would be necessary to block a conviction.
The more realistic threat is that the investigation into links with Russia distracts from the economic agenda, especially given the inexperienced team in the executive branch in terms of shepherding legislation through Congress. Investors are probably best served by monitoring progress on the economic agenda.
There are three developments to note. First, with Lighthizer being confirmed as Trade Representative, the 90-day notice to renegotiate NAFTA formally was given. Ideas that a new agreement can be wrapped up by the end of the year seems unrealistically ambitious. Second, Treasury Secretary Mnuchin affirmed that a ultra-long bond (50-years or more) is being contemplated, despite a cool reception by primary dealers. Third, Speaker of the House Ryan indicated that he still favors the border adjustment tax, even though the White House has indicated that its current form is not acceptable.
The euro has returned to approach yesterday's highs. The price action reaffirms the importance of support we noted yesterday in the $1.1080-$1.1100 area. The intraday technicals are getting stretched, and barring new developments, not much more than a marginal new high seems likely. The JPY111.75-JPY112.00 may be sufficient to cap a stronger dollar recovery against the yen as the US 10-year struggles to push above 2.25%, as it nurses a nine basis point decline on the week. Sterling has edged back above $1.30. The $1.3055 retracement objective held yesterday and may be tested again today. Intraday technicals warn against a significant break above there before the weekend. The Australian dollar may have peaked after it made a marginal new high for the week near $0.7470. Support is seen by $0.7430.
The US economic calendar is clear. President Trump's first trip abroad is about to begin. Saudi Arabia is the first stop. The Canada reports April CPI and March retail sales. The pace of inflation may tick up a little but remains subdued. Retail sales are expected to increase 0.3% after a 0.6% fall in February. The Bank of Canada meets next week, and there is little doubt that policy will remain steady. The US dollar is at new lows for the week and month against the Canadian dollar. It has been flirting with the CAD1.3575 retracement target for several days. A convincing break targets CAD1.3510 initially and then CAD1.3440. However, the intraday technicals warn that even a slight disappointment with the data could see the greenback bounce back.
The positions expressed in this material are a general guide to the views of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. and its subsidiaries and affiliates (“BBH”), and are intended for informational purposes only. The opinions stated are a reflection of BBH’s best judgment at the time the material was produced, and BBH disclaims any obligation to update or alter these views as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Furthermore, these positions are not intended to predict or guarantee the future performance of any currencies or markets.
This material should not be construed as research or as investment, legal or tax advice, nor should it be considered information sufficient upon which to base an investment decision. Further, this communication should not be deemed as a recommendation to invest or not to invest in any country or to undertake any specific position or transaction in any currency. Investment decisions reflect a variety of factors, and BBH reserves the right to change its views about individual currencies at any time without obligation to inform third parties.
There are risks associated with foreign currency investing, including but not limited to the use of leverage, which may accelerate the velocity of potential losses. Foreign currencies are subject to rapid price fluctuations due to adverse political, social and economic developments. These risks are greater for currencies in emerging markets than for those in more developed countries. Foreign currency transactions may not be suitable for all investors, depending on their financial sophistication and investment objectives. You should seek the services of an appropriate professional in connection with such matters.
BBH, its partners and employees may own currencies discussed in this communication and/or may make purchases or sales while this communication is in circulation. The information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but is not necessarily complete in its accuracy and cannot be guaranteed. Sources used are available upon request. Please contact your BBH representative for additional information.
This material is provided by BBH to recipients who are classified as Professional Clients or Eligible Counterparties if in the European Economic Area ("EEA"). This publication is approved for distribution in member states of the EEA by Brown Brothers Harriman Investor Services Limited, authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Unauthorized use or distribution without the prior written permission of BBH is prohibited. BBH is a service mark of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., registered in the United States and other countries.