• Central bank increases the Pandemic Emergency Purchase Program by €600 billion.
  • Bond program proceeds to be reinvested until at least the end of 2022.
  • Interest rates unchanged at 0.0%, deposit at -0.5%.
  • Euro has gained 3.5% against the dollar since May 18 as panic pricing ebbs.

The European Central Bank brought its bond purchase program limit to €1.3 trillion in an effort to help member states cope with the expense of rebuilding their economies after the coronavirus pandemic.

Citing the downward pressure on inflation the bank stated, “The PEPP expansion will further ease the general monetary policy stance, supporting funding conditions in the real economy, especially for businesses and households.” 

The timeframe of the PEPP purchases will last until at least the end of June 2021 or until the governors determine that the “coronavirus crisis phase is over.”  The bank also committed to reinvesting the maturing principal proceeds of the PEPP program until at least the end of 2022. The main refinance rate was left unchanged at 0.0% and the deposit rate at -0.5%

Euro rises

The move by the central bank had been widely expected and largely priced into the euro.  The united currency which has added 3.5% against the dollar in the last three weeks rose about 65 points to 1.1272 in response to the announcement.  

ECB President Christine Lagarde has repeatedly asked European governments to provide more fiscal support to the bloc’s faltering economy.  The recent announcement of a €750 billion recovery plan is expected to complement the bank PEPP efforts.

The ECB program is designed to assist government restrain their borrowing costs by using its leverage to buy bonds and curb the interest rate demanded by the credit market. It does not lend directly to countries and firms.

The EU program administered by the EU Commission will distribute two-thirds of the monies in grants, as per the demand of France and Germany, and the balance in loans.  

The debt to GDP ratio across the eurozone is expected to be over 100% by the end of this year, with the top five nations in descending order Greece, Italy, Portugal, France and Spain.   

The ECB has said that it anticipates an increase of national debt by €1.0 trillion to €1.5 trillion this year and an average budget deficit of 8%.  The EU will also borrow €750 billion  with its new recovery fund. 


Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers.

Analysis feed

FXStreet Trading Signals now available!

Access to real-time signals, community and guidance now!

Latest Analysis

Latest Forex Analysis

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD bounces after upbeat COVID-19 cure news

EUR/USD is trading above 1.13, rebounding from the lows. Gilead reported that its drug Remdesevir substantially reduces mortality among COVID-19 patients. The news boosted stocks and weighed on the dollar. US coronavirus statistics are due out.


GBP/USD recaptures 1.26 as the market mood improves

GBP/USD is trading above 1.26 as the market mood improves and the safe-haven dollar retreats. Investors are shrugging off Brexit concerns and focusing on hopes to cure coronavirus. US COVID-19 statistics are due out.


XAU/USD consolidates daily gains above $1,800

After advancing to its highest level since September of 2011 at $1,818 on Wednesday, the XAU/USD pair staged a correction and briefly dropped below $1,800 on Thursday.

Gold News

Cryptocurrencies: War for dominance hit the bedrock of the market

Bitcoin tried to regain market share and activated sales in the Altcoin segment. BTC/USD, ETH/USD and XRP/USD are looking for supports and a rebound to push them to new elative highs. The current compression on the XRP/USD chart could trigger an exploding movement.

Read more

WTI once again breaks $40 per barrel after trading lower in early EU trade

There has been quite the bounce in WTI since the EU session after some strong selling pressure during Thursday and overnight. Once again on Friday's session, the price has taken the USD 40 per barrel handle. 

Oil News

Forex Majors