A batch of August indicators announced today pointed to a significant slowdown in economic activities this summer. Together with the previously released trade and credit data, it suggests that the escalating uncertainties from the US-China trade war dampened people's confidence and hamper economic expansion. Looking ahead, the growth outlook in the rest 2019 depends on the evolution of the persistent US-China trade war as well as the authorities' policy responses to the current growth deceleration. We therefore anticipate more monetary and fiscal easing measures to be deployed to sustain growth momentum. Altogether, we maintain our 2019 GDP forecasting at 6% (the authorities' target: 6-6.5%). The risk of growth deceleration in 2H 2019 remains high.

The growth slowdown in August is broad-based as all indicators are below the previous readings and the market consensus: industrial production decelerated from 4.8% y/y of July to 4.4% y/y; fixed asset investment also decreased to 5.5% ytd y/y from 5.7% ytd y/y previously; retail sales also edged down to 7.5% y/y from 7.6% y/y in August. (Table 1; Figure 3-8)

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August credit data accelerated from the previous month readings as the PBoC beefed up their efforts to stimulate the economy after setting a new policy interest rate (LPR) and allowing more depreciation of the RMB. Both total social financing and the new yuan loans increased from those of the last month. Moreover, M2 growth edged up marginally to 8.2% y/y from the previous reading at 8.1%. Our BBVA MICA model yields a GDP prediction based on monthly data at 6.2% y/y for Q3 (Q2 prediction: 6.3% y/y), in line with the growth slowdown. (Figure 2)

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This document was prepared by Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria’s (BBVA) Research Department on behalf of itself and its affiliated companies (each a BBVA Group Company) for distribution in the United States and the rest of the world and is provided for information purposes only. The information, opinions, estimates and forecasts contained herein refer to that specific date and are subject to changes without notice due to market fluctuations. The information, opinions, estimates and forecasts contained in this document have been gathered or obtained from public sources believed to be correct by the Company concerning their accuracy, completeness, and/or correctness. This document is not an offer to sell or a solicitation to acquire or dispose of an interest in securities.

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