Canada’s economy shed jobs after two strong months sending the loonie lower even as the unemployment rate was unchanged and wages rose more than expected.

Statistics Canada reported a loss of 1,800 positions in October on Friday following gains of 53,700 in September and 81,000 in August. The median estimate was for 15,900 new employees.   The unemployment rate was stable at 5.5% as predicted but annual hourly wages rose 4.36%, better than the 4.25% forecast.

Canada Employment Change


Full-time positions dropped 16,100 while part time work rose 14,300.

The Canadian Dollar fell about one-third of a figure against the US currency on the release slipping from 1.3203 to 1.3239 but regaining about half of that within the hour.

The weak employment report does not alter the strong, if volatile performance of the Canadian labor market this year. In past six months there have been three positive months averaging 54,200 and three negative at -9,400.  Going back 12 months there are eight positive and four negative with the positive average 61,200 far outstripping the negative at -8,900.

One soft print for employment is unlikely to indicate a slowing job market, especially in the context of the statistics of the past year.

Were job creation to slow it could pressure the Bank of Canada to reconsider its stable rate policy. Unlike its American neighbor the BOC has not cut rates this year in the face of declining global growth and the threat of US China trade war.  The Canadian base rate has been at 1.75% for a year and the last move by the BOC was a 0.25% increase in September 2018. 

The Federal Reserve has reduced its main rate by 0.75% since July citing the risks to the US expansion from ebbing global economic growth and the US China trade dispute.   After the last cut on October 30th Chairman Jerome Powell said the economy was in a “good place” and strongly hinted that the rate adjustment was over and the bank would await developments.

Bank of Canada Overnight Rate


The Canadian economy has added 391,000 jobs through October this year, the most in the first 10 months since 2002.


Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers.

Analysis feed

FXStreet Trading Signals now available!

Access to real-time signals, community and guidance now!

Latest Forex Analysis

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD pressured around 1.13 after jump in US jobs

EUR/USD is trading around 1.13, down after US Non-Farm Payrolls shocked with a leap of 2.5 million jobs in May, contrary to all projections. The greenback is gaining while stocks are falling, a correlation breakdown. ECB stimulus previously supported the euro.


GBP/USD retreats from highs

GBP/USD is trading below 1.27, off the highs. The pound is struggling after Chief EU Negotiator Barnier reported little progress in Brexit talks. Robust US jobs support the dollar.


XAU/USD retreats further to $1670, lowest in five weeks

Gold prices are falling sharply on Friday on the back of the US employment report that boosted equity markets and sent US yields to the upside. XAU/USD is losing more than $40 on Friday and recently bottomed at $1670/oz, the lowest intraday level since May 1.

Gold News

Institutional demand exceeds Bitcoins supply

Greyscale floods the market with fresh money to satisfy the demand of its clients. Investors, willing to pay a 29% surcharge for exposure to Bitcoin without suffering the legal and operational inconveniences. Market remains at risk on the verge of new bullish territory.

Read more

WTI rallies above $39 as focus shifts to OPEC+ meeting

Crude oil prices built on Thursday's modest gains and rose sharply on Friday boosted by the upbeat market mood optimism surrounding Saturday's OPEC+ meeting. 

Oil News

Forex Majors