RBNZ's Conway: Inflation might be stickier in the near-term, could present some challenges


Chief Economist of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) Paul Conway gave a speech on inflation during the early Wednesday market session, noting that inflation troubles exist on both sides of the RBNZ's policy stance.

Key highlights

Inflation may be stickier in the short-term.

However, inflation could fall more quickly than expected in the medium-term, as spare capacity emerges in the economy, which would help.

Challenges remain to bring inflation back to RBNZ target levels.

A period of restrictive policy is necessary to give confidence that inflation will return to target over a reasonable timeframe.

Slowdown in food price inflation is satisfying.

Inflation needs to remain in target range sustainably.

OCR decline timing cannot be accurately predicted.

Period of low inflation has returned, but short-term economic pain is being experienced.

RBNZ FAQs

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) is the country’s central bank. Its economic objectives are achieving and maintaining price stability – achieved when inflation, measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI), falls within the band of between 1% and 3% – and supporting maximum sustainable employment.

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand’s (RBNZ) Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) decides the appropriate level of the Official Cash Rate (OCR) according to its objectives. When inflation is above target, the bank will attempt to tame it by raising its key OCR, making it more expensive for households and businesses to borrow money and thus cooling the economy. Higher interest rates are generally positive for the New Zealand Dollar (NZD) as they lead to higher yields, making the country a more attractive place for investors. On the contrary, lower interest rates tend to weaken NZD.

Employment is important for the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) because a tight labor market can fuel inflation. The RBNZ’s goal of “maximum sustainable employment” is defined as the highest use of labor resources that can be sustained over time without creating an acceleration in inflation. “When employment is at its maximum sustainable level, there will be low and stable inflation. However, if employment is above the maximum sustainable level for too long, it will eventually cause prices to rise more and more quickly, requiring the MPC to raise interest rates to keep inflation under control,” the bank says.

In extreme situations, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) can enact a monetary policy tool called Quantitative Easing. QE is the process by which the RBNZ prints local currency and uses it to buy assets – usually government or corporate bonds – from banks and other financial institutions with the aim to increase the domestic money supply and spur economic activity. QE usually results in a weaker New Zealand Dollar (NZD). QE is a last resort when simply lowering interest rates is unlikely to achieve the objectives of the central bank. The RBNZ used it during the Covid-19 pandemic.

 

Share: Feed news

Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers. The author will not be held responsible for information that is found at the end of links posted on this page.

If not otherwise explicitly mentioned in the body of the article, at the time of writing, the author has no position in any stock mentioned in this article and no business relationship with any company mentioned. The author has not received compensation for writing this article, other than from FXStreet.

FXStreet and the author do not provide personalized recommendations. The author makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability of this information. FXStreet and the author will not be liable for any errors, omissions or any losses, injuries or damages arising from this information and its display or use. Errors and omissions excepted.

The author and FXStreet are not registered investment advisors and nothing in this article is intended to be investment advice.

Recommended content


Recommended content

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD: The door appears open to extra gains in the near term

EUR/USD: The door appears open to extra gains in the near term

Another auspicious week saw EUR/USD trade with decent gains and extend its positive streak for the third consecutive week, including a visit to the key 1.0900 region for the first time since early June.

EUR/USD News

GBP/USD extends rally toward 1.3000 on broad USD weakness

GBP/USD extends rally toward 1.3000 on broad USD weakness

GBP/USD preserves its bullish momentum and rises toward 1.3000, trading at its strongest level in nearly a year. The improving risk mood doesn't allow the US Dollar to find demand following Thursday's CPI-inspired selloff and provides a boost to the pair.

GBP/USD News

Gold turns bullish as US data bolster case for Fed rate cut in September

Gold turns bullish as US data bolster case for Fed rate cut in September

Gold gathered bullish momentum and climbed above $2,400 on broad-based USD weakness. Investors expect the Fed to reduce the policy rate in September after soft inflation data. XAU/USD could target a new all-time high once $2,400 is confirmed as support.

Gold News

Worldcoin crumbles under selling pressure even as OpenAI eyes human-level problem-solving

Worldcoin crumbles under selling pressure even as OpenAI eyes human-level problem-solving

OpenAI, the American tech firm behind the Large Language Model ChatGPT, announced five levels towards building an Artificial General Intelligence. Employees at the firm told Bloomberg that with ChatGPT, Open AI is currently at level one. 

Read more

Week ahead: ECB set to hold rates, plethora of data on the way

Week ahead: ECB set to hold rates, plethora of data on the way

ECB is not expected to cut in July but will it signal one for next meeting? Retail sales will be the main highlight in the United States. UK CPI report will be vital for BoE’s August decision.

Read more

Forex MAJORS

Cryptocurrencies

Signatures