Australia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rose 0.2% in the third quarter of 2023 compared with the 0.4% growth in Q2, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) showed on Wednesday.  This reading came in below expectations of 0.4%.

The annual third-quarter GDP expanded by 2.1%, compared with the 2.1% growth in Q2 while beating estimates of a 1.8% increase.

Additional details

"Government spending and capital investment were the main drivers of GDP growth this quarter.”

"The growth in government expenditure was driven by social benefits to households, including the Energy Bill Relief Fund rebates, and extra payments for childcare, aged care and pharmaceutical products,”

"Investment by public corporations rose 8.9%. Commonwealth, state and territory corporations increased investment in transport, communication and utilities projects,"

Market reaction

Following the Australian growth numbers, the AUD/USD is up on the day to trade at 0.6565, as of writing.

GDP FAQs

What is GDP and how is it recorded?

A country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measures the rate of growth of its economy over a given period of time, usually a quarter. The most reliable figures are those that compare GDP to the previous quarter e.g Q2 of 2023 vs Q1 of 2023, or to the same period in the previous year, e.g Q2 of 2023 vs Q2 of 2022.
Annualized quarterly GDP figures extrapolate the growth rate of the quarter as if it were constant for the rest of the year. These can be misleading, however, if temporary shocks impact growth in one quarter but are unlikely to last all year – such as happened in the first quarter of 2020 at the outbreak of the covid pandemic, when growth plummeted.

How does GDP influence currencies?

A higher GDP result is generally positive for a nation’s currency as it reflects a growing economy, which is more likely to produce goods and services that can be exported, as well as attracting higher foreign investment. By the same token, when GDP falls it is usually negative for the currency.
When an economy grows people tend to spend more, which leads to inflation. The country’s central bank then has to put up interest rates to combat the inflation with the side effect of attracting more capital inflows from global investors, thus helping the local currency appreciate.

How does higher GDP impact the price of Gold?

When an economy grows and GDP is rising, people tend to spend more which leads to inflation. The country’s central bank then has to put up interest rates to combat the inflation. Higher interest rates are negative for Gold because they increase the opportunity-cost of holding Gold versus placing the money in a cash deposit account. Therefore, a higher GDP growth rate is usually a bearish factor for Gold price.

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