• USD/CAD falls 1% on the week, 3.4% since May 12.
  • WTI gains 3.4%, closes at a three-month high.
  • BoC Deputy Governor Beaudry suggests larger rate hikes ahead.
  • FXStreet Forecast Poll predicts a weak downside advantage then consolidation.

The US dollar managed a small recovery against the loonie on Friday backed by a strong US payroll report, but that barely altered the dismal record that has seen the USD/CAD drop 1% this week and 3.4% since May 12. 

Rising oil prices have underpinned the Canadian dollar’s ascent. Since closing at $98.41 on May 10, West Texas Intermediate (WTI) has soared 20.7%, finishing at $118.77 on Friday, a three-month high. Except for the spike in WTI following the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24, crude prices are at levels not experienced since the collapse of the oil bubble just prior to the financial crisis of 2008 and early 2009. 

Energy prices dominated currency market views as USD/CAD fell despite a sharp and general rise in US Treasury yields. From last Friday’s close, the US 10-year yield added 20 basis points to 2.941% and the 2-year climbed 17 points to 2.657%. 

The Bank of Canada’s (BoC) half-point hike in the base rate on June 1 to 1.5% was incidental to the USD/CAD’s fall. The increase has been anticipated for many weeks and it will be duplicated by the Federal Reserve on June 15 to the identical end for the fed funds rate at 1.5%. The same can not be said for Deputy BoC Governor Paul Beaudry’s comment on Thursday that a 75 basis point hike was very possible at the July 14 meeting. He gave the loonie a nearly one figure boost for the day, noting that policy makers were wrong about transitory inflation and there was a real chance that price increases were becoming entrenched. 

Canadian economic data was minor. The S&P Global Manufacturing PMI for May was a bit weaker than forecast though slightly better than April. Annualized GDP in the first quarter was just 3.1% rather than the 5.4% expectation and less than half the 6.6% pace in the final three months of last year. 

Data releases on both sides of the border were headed by the US payroll report on Friday and its impact on Federal Reserve policy.  US Nonfarm Payrolls: Just what the Fed ordered

The US economy added 390,000 workers to the official job rolls in May, better than the 325,00 forecast and more than sufficient to keep Fed tightening policy in place. Wage increases for the year at 5.2% were lower than forecast and likely to speed the decline in consumer purchasing power when CPI is reported this coming Friday.

Purchasing managers’ indexes for May were mixed with all manufacturing gauges except employment better than predicted while the measures for the service sector were uniformly weaker.

Treasury futures have the odds for a 50 basis point increase at the June 15 meeting at 98.2% with 1.2% for a 75 point hike. For the July 27 meeting the odds are 88.6% for a 50 basis points move, 11.3% for 75 points and 0.3% for 100 points. 

USD/CAD outlook

The combination of rising oil prices and a potentially more aggressive BoC should keep the Canadian dollar bid but the scope for further loonie improvement is controlled by the energy market.

In just three weeks the USD/CAD has fallen nearly the breadth of its six-month range, a distance that the pair has traversed three times to no conclusion since November. The decline in the USD/CAD has been paralleled by the rise in oil prices. 

The Federal Reserve is next in the rate round robin but unless it springs a 0.75% surprise the June 15 increase will have little or no market impact. Since the Fed’s first intimation of a policy change last October, Chair Jerome Powell has been very careful to make its intentions known. With inflation slightly lower in the past two months there is no reason to expect the Fed to escalate its fight with a 0.75% increase on June 15. 

This month’s start of the Fed's balance sheet reduction has not pushed Treasury rates above their early May highs and, like the fed funds rate, the current amount is fully priced into market values.

The general retreat of the US dollar over those weeks, prompted by reversing Treasury yields, has been true in all pairs except the USD/JPY.  

Recession fears in the US, whether from an inflation-induced drop in consumer spending or from the cumulative impact of the Fed’s rate hikes have equity markets on the run but that has not generated a safety-trade enhancement of the US dollar. The dollar's recent ups and downs have been mediated by the credit markets. 

The Canadian employment report and the Ivey PMI for May out next week will be of informational value only.

In the US, May CPI on Friday is the main data event. It is forecast to slip to 8.2% from 8.3%. For April the negative spread between CPI and annual Average Hourly Earnings (AHE) was 2.8% (8.3%- 5.5%). Earnings were 5.2% last month, every step of inflation above 8.0% increases the loss to consumer purchasing power and makes the Fed's anti-inflation campaign more imperative. 

Inflation in the US is a linear function with Treasury rates and the dollar–higher CPI, higher yields and a rising dollar and the reverse. 

The outlook for the USD/CAD is lower but contained within the range of the last six months.

Canada statistics May 30–June 3


US statistics May 30–June 3


Canada statistics June 6–June 10


US statistics June 6–June 10


USD/CAD technical outlook

The MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence) remains in negative territory, its deepest penetration since early April but the spread between the signal and price lines has not widened. The urgency of the decline is slackening. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) showed a slight uptick from Thursday to Friday, another indication that selling energy may be waning. Average True Range (ATR) has been falling as the USD/CAD has descended with barely a rise for Thursday's figure long plunge. All three indicators suggest the USD/CAD decline has lost energy.

The 200-day moving average at 1.2662 was significant support on Monday and effective resistance on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. 

Resistance: 1.2620, 1.2645, 1.2660, 1.2670, 1.2700

Support: 1.2570, 1.2550, 1.2525, 1.2500, 1.2475

Moving Averages: 21-day 1.2816, 50-day 1.2715, 100-day 1.2699, 200-day 1.2662

FXStreet Forecast Poll

The FXStreet Forecast Poll suggests the USD/CAD decline has run its course. 







Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers. The author will not be held responsible for information that is found at the end of links posted on this page.

If not otherwise explicitly mentioned in the body of the article, at the time of writing, the author has no position in any stock mentioned in this article and no business relationship with any company mentioned. The author has not received compensation for writing this article, other than from FXStreet.

FXStreet and the author do not provide personalized recommendations. The author makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability of this information. FXStreet and the author will not be liable for any errors, omissions or any losses, injuries or damages arising from this information and its display or use. Errors and omissions excepted.

The author and FXStreet are not registered investment advisors and nothing in this article is intended to be investment advice.

Feed news Join Telegram

Recommended Content

Recommended Content

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD falls below 1.0500 after US NFP data

EUR/USD falls below 1.0500 after US NFP data

EUR/USD dropped below 1.0450 but managed to stage a modest rebound. The US Dollar preserves its strength against its rivals and doesn't allow the pair to gain traction after the data from the US showed that Nonfarm Payrolls rose by 263,000 in November.


GBP/USD turns south on upbeat US jobs report, trades below 1.2200

GBP/USD turns south on upbeat US jobs report, trades below 1.2200

GBP/USD lost nearly 100 pips with the immediate reaction to the upbeat November jobs report from the US and broke below 1.2200. The US Dollar Index clings to strong daily gains above 105.00 after the data showed that Nonfarm Payrolls rose by 263,000.


Gold retreats below $1,790 as US yields surge on US NFP

Gold retreats below $1,790 as US yields surge on US NFP

Gold price turned south and dropped below $1,790 in the early American session. The benchmark 10-year US Treasury bond yield is up more than 2% on the day near 3.6% after the bigger-than-expected November job growth, weighing heavily on XAU/USD.

Gold News

FTX exchange collapse, loss of $3.1 billion could have been avoided on one condition

FTX exchange collapse, loss of $3.1 billion could have been avoided on one condition

FTX exchange, founded by Samuel Bankman-Fried (SBF), has consistently made headlines over the past month for its liquidity crisis and triggering a collapse in the crypto ecosystem.

Read more

AMC advances more than 3% in premarket day after being halted

AMC advances more than 3% in premarket day after being halted

AMC stock is up 3.4% in Friday's premarket just a day after authorities halted trading due to unusual volatility. Thursday saw options volume three times higher than the 20-day average.

Read more