Markets are Uninspired Ahead of the Weekend

The US dollar is mostly firmer. US yields have stabilized. Asian equities were mostly higher, while European bourses are struggling. Oil prices are steady.

There have been a number of sustained trends in the markets that we have been monitoring. The euro, for example, has fallen each day this week. It recorded its low for the year on Wednesday near $1.1765. It has been unable to distance itself much from the low. It has straddled the $1.18 level, where there is a 1.9 bln euro option expiring today. With this week in tow, the euro has fallen in 10 of the past 13 weeks.

With the help of a softer CPI report, the yen's declining streak is being extended. The greenback briefly traded above JPY111.00 for the first time since January 23. The dollar is higher against the yen for the fifth consecutive session, and eighth consecutive week.

Rising Japanese equities seems like one of the strongest trends in the equity markets. The Nikkei closed higher for the eighth consecutive week and 10th week in the past 11. Over this period, it has risen by about 8.25%.

The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is off by about 0.25%, but this is not enough to turn the week negative. This European benchmark is still up about 0.5% on the week. Provided the session's losses do not accelerate after the session open, it will be the eighth consecutive weekly advance; during which time it has risen by almost 7.9%.

Another trend has been US yields. The US 10-year yield has risen for the past five sessions, coming into today. It has risen for 11 of the past 14 sessions and five of the past seven weeks. The 10-year yield finished last week near 2.97%. It reached almost 3.12% earlier today, before pulling back a little. It is straddling the 3.10% area now.

Oil has also been streaking. Light sweet crude for June delivery is edging higher for the fifth consecutive session. Despite the steady advance, the gains have been modest and with today's small gain, the rise on the week is less than a dollar. Still, it is the fifth weekly gain in six weeks.

There are four main macro talking points today, two in Asia and two in Europe. In Asia, Japan's disappointing CPI report follows the poor (contracting) Q1 GDP report earlier this week. This combination can only serve to keep the BOJ cautious about even contemplating an exit from its extraordinary monetary policy.

Headline CPI slowed to 0.6% in April from 1.1% in March. It is the first back-to-back decline in Japanese CPI since March-April 2016. Energy and mobile phone services were the main culprits. The pace is the slowest since last November. The core rate, which excludes fresh food, and is the measure the BOJ targets, slipped to 0.7% from 0.9%, and incidentally matches EMU core rate, though it is measured quite differently.

The other Asian talking point is the conflicting press reports about US-China trade talks. Yesterday, President Trump seemed to downplay the likelihood of successful talks because China was "spoiled" (as is Europe). A newswire reported earlier today that China was offering to meet the US demand to reduce the bilateral trade deficit by $200 bln by boosting imports. This seemed incredulous to us; first, because it is a huge concession seemingly without getting anything in return, and second it is not immediately evident that the US has the equivalent of 1% of GDP to ship to China. In any event, China's state media and at least one official has now denied the report.

In Europe, the Five Star Movement and the (Northern) League have reportedly finalized their agreement, though the prime minister candidate has not been announced. The M5S will hold an electronic referendum of its members today, according to reports. Investors do not like what they have seen and heard this week. After being fairly calm in the aftermath of the early March election, the combination of populist and nativist forces, coupled with what appears to be an expensive program for one of the most indebted countries is spooking investors.

The yield on Italy's 10-year benchmark bond is up six basis points today and 19 for the week. It stands at 2.17% now. The premium over Germany has risen by almost 27 bp this week. Italian equities are off 1.1% today, which brings the loss on the week to 2.6%. Many media reports have been quite negative Italy, and not without reason.

However, it is hardly mentioned in most of these write-ups that Italy has a stable current account surplus of around 2.7% of GDP, and its budget deficit has been among the smallest in Europe and was projected to fall to 1.8% of GDP this year. Nor do most of the accounts that discuss the bad loan problem among Italian banks identify 1) the provisions already made, 2) the residual value and 3) the progress being made in selling and divesting of the bad loans. Many of Italy's problems stem from poor growth and give the Stability and Growth Pact mandate of capping fiscal deficits at 3% of GDP, there is scope for some stimulus.

A combination of tax cuts and spending increases that the M5S and the League are proposing is at the worst about 1% of GDP. This coupled with challenging the EU's stance on refugees, which places the burden on the front-line countries, giving the wealthier Northern Europeans a freer-ride is not an unreasonable program. The refugee problem in Italy is a source of both economic and political stress and has facilitated the rise of both populist and nativist forces.

The other development in Europe is the resistance what EU President Tusk called the "capricious assertiveness" by the US. The US decision to pull out of the Iran accord has escalated the already elevated tensions with Europe. The EU is considering a blocking statute, which would, in essence, make it illegal for European companies to adhere to the US sanctions on Iran.

This is a powerful card to play and one that prompted the Clinton Administration to back down in the mid-1990s (over sanctions on Cuba, Libya, and Iran). Separately, the EU has announced that it will retaliate against the US steel and aluminum tariffs by putting a 25% tariff on 2.8 bln euros ($3.3 bln) of US exports to Europe, effective June 20.

The highlight of the North American session today comes from the retail sales and CPI reports from Canada. Retail sales are expected to rise 0.3% in April after a 0.4% rise in March. However, the composition has changed. March was sales were driven by autos. Excluding autos, Canadian retail sales were flat in March. In April, retail sales are expected to have risen by 0.5% excluding auto sales. Meanwhile, inflation is expected to be steady. A 0.3% rise in April's CPI will keep the year-over-year rate at 2.3%. The underlying measures are also expected to be flat.

The positions expressed in this material are a general guide to the views of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. and its subsidiaries and affiliates (“BBH”), and are intended for informational purposes only. The opinions stated are a reflection of BBH’s best judgment at the time the material was produced, and BBH disclaims any obligation to update or alter these views as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Furthermore, these positions are not intended to predict or guarantee the future performance of any currencies or markets.

This material should not be construed as research or as investment, legal or tax advice, nor should it be considered information sufficient upon which to base an investment decision. Further, this communication should not be deemed as a recommendation to invest or not to invest in any country or to undertake any specific position or transaction in any currency. Investment decisions reflect a variety of factors, and BBH reserves the right to change its views about individual currencies at any time without obligation to inform third parties.

There are risks associated with foreign currency investing, including but not limited to the use of leverage, which may accelerate the velocity of potential losses. Foreign currencies are subject to rapid price fluctuations due to adverse political, social and economic developments. These risks are greater for currencies in emerging markets than for those in more developed countries. Foreign currency transactions may not be suitable for all investors, depending on their financial sophistication and investment objectives. You should seek the services of an appropriate professional in connection with such matters.

BBH, its partners and employees may own currencies discussed in this communication and/or may make purchases or sales while this communication is in circulation. The information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but is not necessarily complete in its accuracy and cannot be guaranteed. Sources used are available upon request. Please contact your BBH representative for additional information.

This material is provided by BBH to recipients who are classified as Professional Clients or Eligible Counterparties if in the European Economic Area ("EEA"). This publication is approved for distribution in member states of the EEA by Brown Brothers Harriman Investor Services Limited, authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Unauthorized use or distribution without the prior written permission of BBH is prohibited. BBH is a service mark of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., registered in the United States and other countries.