• GBP/USD snapped two straight weekly gains after dovish BOE hike.
  • UK Q2 GDP could confirm a potential recession, US inflation is also crucial.
  • Acceptance above 1.2200 is critical for GBP bulls to sustain the recovery.

GBP/USD bulls faced exhaustion after two straight weekly advances and therefore, ended the week in negative territory. The Bank of England’s (BOE) dovish rate hike and persistent recession fears could be linked to cable’s underperformance. The impressive US July jobs report on Friday highlighted cable buyers’ hesitancy heading into the critical US inflation and UK quarterly GDP releases.

GBP/USD: What happened last week?

The US dollar’s weakness extended at the start of the week on Monday, as risk flows dominated amid a reduced probability of a 75 bps Fed rate hike in September. GBP/USD built on last week’s 150 pips gains and hit the highest level in four weeks at 1.2293, in anticipation of a 50 bps rate hike by the BOE to combat inflation. But the greenback sprung back to life towards the mid-week, as recession fears amplified alongside escalating geopolitical tensions. The safe-haven bids for the dollar resurfaced ahead of US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan, despite China’s warning against the US going through with the visit. Meanwhile, investors assessed the mixed US ISM Manufacturing and Services PMI data, as the Treasury yields continued to struggle at lower levels, which signaled at an incoming recession.

The hawkish commentary from Fed policymakers Charles Evans, James Bullard and Mary Daly jacked up odds for a 75 bps Sept lift-off back to around 50%, offering the much-needed support to dollar bulls. Further, upbeat US corporate earnings results eased recession fears while markets believed that the Fed could stick to its tightening path through the balance of this year. GBP/USD tested the 1.2100 demand area ahead of Thursday’s BOE rate hike verdict. The downbeat UK data undermined the pound further, as it showed that the country’s business activity service sector expanded at its weakest pace in 17 months. The UK final S&P Services PMI dropped to 52.6 in July from 54.3 in June vs. 53.3 expectations.

The currency pair came under renewed selling pressure after the pound wilted on the BOE’s projection of a recession later this year. The central bank hiked the key rates by 50 bps to 1.75%, as widely expected but mentioned that it is not on a pre-set tightening path. The inflation forecasts were revised up to above 13% by October. Cable hit a five-day low of 1.2065 on the dovish BOE rate hike but managed to recoup some of its losses, as the US dollar lost ground alongside the yields after the weekly Initial Jobless Claims rose by 260K, hovering near an eight-month peak.

On the final trading day of the week, the pair returned to the red amid pre-NFP anxiety. With the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reporting a 528,000 increase in NFP, compared to the market expectation of 250,000, the dollar gathered strength and forced GBP/USD to extend its slide toward 1.2000. Further details of the jobs report showed that the annual wage inflation remained steady at 5.2%.

Week ahead: US inflation and UK GDP stand out

The week ahead makes up for a slow start from an economic data release perspective leading into an eventful second half. Wednesday’s US Consumer Price Index (CPI) and UK quarterly GDP are likely to hog the limelight. Besides, US-China tensions over Taiwan, recession fears and Fed tightening expectations will continue to lead sentiment.

Monday is absolutely data-empty on both sides of the Atlantic while Tuesday will see the release of minor US reports, in the Preliminary Unit Labor Costs and Prelim Nonfarm Productivity.

The US monthly inflation will be reported on Wednesday, which will have a strong market impact, as the current inflation rate stands at the highest level since November 1981 at 9.1%, on an annualized basis. Hotter CPI figures will reinforce the need for a super-sized rate hike by the Fed at its next meeting, which could lift the dollar at the expense of the pound.

Thursday’s US weekly Jobless Claims and Producer Price Index (PPI) data will also be critical to shaping up the Fed expectations. On Friday, the attention will turn towards the UK, as it publishes its monthly and quarterly GDP data. It’s the first estimate of the Q2 GDP and will hold utmost significance for the pound traders, especially given, the BOE’s latest gloomy economic outlook. The country’s manufacturing and industrial production data will also be released in parallel.

On the US macro front, the Preliminary UoM Consumer Sentiment and Inflation Expectations data will wrap up another crucial week. 

GBP/USD: Technical analysis

GBP/USD broke below the ascending trend line coming from July 14 and the Relative Strength Index (RSI) indicator on the daily chart dropped below 50. Both of these technical developments point to a bearish tilt in the near term but bulls could try to retain control as long as the 21-day SMA, which is currently located at 1.2030, stays intact.

On the upside, resistances are located at 1.2200 (50-day SMA, psychological level), 1.2250 (Fibonacci 23.6% retracement) and 1.2400 (static level, psychological level).

In case 1.2030 support fails, 1.2000 (psychological level) forms interim support ahead of 1.1900 (psychological level) and 1.1800 (end-point of the downtrend).



Information on these pages contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Markets and instruments profiled on this page are for informational purposes only and should not in any way come across as a recommendation to buy or sell in these assets. You should do your own thorough research before making any investment decisions. FXStreet does not in any way guarantee that this information is free from mistakes, errors, or material misstatements. It also does not guarantee that this information is of a timely nature. Investing in Open Markets involves a great deal of risk, including the loss of all or a portion of your investment, as well as emotional distress. All risks, losses and costs associated with investing, including total loss of principal, are your responsibility. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of FXStreet nor its advertisers. The author will not be held responsible for information that is found at the end of links posted on this page.

If not otherwise explicitly mentioned in the body of the article, at the time of writing, the author has no position in any stock mentioned in this article and no business relationship with any company mentioned. The author has not received compensation for writing this article, other than from FXStreet.

FXStreet and the author do not provide personalized recommendations. The author makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability of this information. FXStreet and the author will not be liable for any errors, omissions or any losses, injuries or damages arising from this information and its display or use. Errors and omissions excepted.

The author and FXStreet are not registered investment advisors and nothing in this article is intended to be investment advice.

Feed news Join Telegram

Recommended Content

Recommended Content

Editors’ Picks

AUD/USD bulls pulling away but a correction could be around the corner

AUD/USD bulls pulling away but a correction could be around the corner

AUD/USD remains firmly bid in the US session, but a touch below the impulse highs that were printed following a sell-off in the greenback on the back of the US inflation miss of expectations. AUD/USD shot to a high of 0.7109, extending its climb from the low of 0.6946. 


EURUSD retreats below 1.0300 amid profit taking

EURUSD retreats below 1.0300 amid profit taking

The EUR/USD pair losses steam as market players book profits, and trades in the 1.0290 price zone. Optimism about receding US inflation temporarily overshadowed the European energy crisis.


Gold extends recovery towards $1,800 as hawkish Fed bets trim

Gold extends recovery towards $1,800 as hawkish Fed bets trim

Gold price has picked bids below $1,790.00 and is extending its recovery above the immediate hurdle of $1,792.00 amid a broader risk-on in the global market. The precious metal is expected to continue its upside run-up after a healthy correction to near $1,808.00.

Gold News

Top 3 Price Prediction Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple: How to trap a hungry bear

Top 3 Price Prediction Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple: How to trap a hungry bear

Crypto markets moves higher. Placing a countertrend short is still ill-advised. Higher targets remain possible for all assets. BTC tests the lower half of an ascending channel for the third time. ETH continues displaying bearish divergence but underline market strength remains. XRP in a make-or-break situation.

Read more

FXStreet Premium users exceed expectations

FXStreet Premium users exceed expectations

Tap into our 20 years Forex trading experience and get ahead of the markets. Maximize our actionable content, be part of our community, and chat with our experts. Join FXStreet Premium today!