Best Educational Content

Greece is back. The troubled peripheral nation, who not that long ago was on the verge of being thrown out of the currency bloc and is still many billions in debt to the IMF and its European masters, sorry, I mean peers, is making a triumphant return to the bond markets after a 4-year tumultuous hiatus. Athens is selling EUR 3bn of 5-year debt with a yield of 4.95%. To put this in some context, Russia has to pay 9.8% to borrow for the same maturity. The rush for Greek debt is interesting since it seems to defy all fundamental logic:

  • The unemployment rate is currently 27.5%.

  • Greece is mired in deflation, annual CPI is -1.2% (which can be good for debt investors as it means the debt may hold its value).

  • Retail sales have not been in positive territory since 2010

  • The manufacturing PMI fell back into contraction territory at 49.7 in March.

  • S&P’s sovereign credit rating for Greece is B-, six steps below investment grade.

The political back drop is also weak, which makes the attraction of this bond sale equally puzzling:

  • Ahead of today’s bond sale a car bomb went off outside the Greek Central Bank in Athens.

  • The European elections next month could see big gains for the far left SYRZIA party, who have pledged to scrap the bailout if it came to power, potentially threatening the Greek position in the currency bloc.

  • The Troika never have anything good to say about Greece. On its last mission that was completed in March, Greece’s key lenders agreed its next steps for the bailout programme and came to a delayed agreement on re-financing the banking sector after burning the midnight oil once again.

So why can Greece sell debt so easily

  • The QE, low rates era is still with us and does not seem like it is going anywhere fast. Central banks around the world have turned investors into desperate yield junkies, so 4.95% seems worth it.

  • The bond is also issued under English law, which favours creditors over debtors, offering some guarantee for purchasers of this debt.

  • Greece may also be trading on its “Merkel Guarantee”. Two years ago Merkel essentially pledged that she would not allow a Grexit, queue the market’s confidence returning to the Eurozone periphery, which has culminated with this debt sale. The concept of the “bail-in” does not seem to be worrying investors.

  • A good case could be made that irrational exuberance is back – think property prices in London and debt sales in Greece. Essentially the sign of a “successful” exit for Greece from the sovereign debt crisis is being able to issue more debt, which was the root cause of the problem in the first place.

Who is buying this debt?

  • Mainstream investors are unlikely to be attracted to this sale because Greece’s debt rating remains below investment grade, which rules out pension funds etc.

  • Some large funds have come out and said they are buying Greek debt today, although many of these funds have held Greek debt for some time and ridden the wave of recovery in Greek bonds in recent years. Greek debt is not for the faint hearted.

  • Apparently investors in the East are also attracted to this debt sale, and they may also be behind the pick-up in Spanish and Italian bond markets. Reports suggest they are impressed by the Eurozone’s attempts to strengthen its institutions.


Overall, this debt sale is a triumph in financial terms, however below the fancy sub -5% yield lies a simmering bed of risk. Greece is still the weakest link in the currency bloc and if the sovereign crisis flares up once more then Athens could struggle to stay in the euro-area. Next month’s European elections are also a risk that has not been spoken about in much detail. While gains for SYRZIA are not likely to disrupt the European parliament, they could have an impact on national politics. SYRZIA’s popularity is ahead of the ruling centre-right party and if the party becomes emboldened by victory at next month’s European elections then we could see them agitate for snap elections at home, which could rattle market confidence once again.

Also, some investors may be buying Greek debt in the hope that the ECB embarks on QE or other loosening policies, if the bank fails to do this then we could see volatility return to peripheral markets.

The EUR view:

EURUSD has been rallying into the Greek debt auction and since reaching a low of 1.3694 on Friday, it has made an impressive recovery. A daily close above 1.3857, the 61.8% retracement of the March – April decline, is a bullish development, however the 1.3900-1.4000 level has been sticky for EURUSD in the past and it may be too big a hurdle to the short term as the recovery looks a little over-extended.

EURUSD is also a beneficiary of dollar weakness, which tumbled on the back of the dovish Fed minutes last night. Overall, whether or not we get above 1.40 remains unclear as we haven’t been able to do so in recent weeks and it could ignite some rhetoric from the ECB who have been prone to talking down the EUR of late. Some key levels to watch include:


  • 1.3876 – the March 24th high

  • 1.3967 – March 13th high

  • 1.4000 – major psychological level.


  • 1.3789 – the 38.2% Fib retracement of the March – April decline.

  • 1.3759 – the 50-day sma.

  • 1.3702 – the 100-day sma.


This material is published by Minerva Analysis LTD for information purposes only and should not be regarded as providing any specific advice. Recipients should make their own independent evaluation of this information and no action should be taken, solely relying on it. This material should not be reproduced or disclosed without our consent. It is not intended for distribution in any jurisdiction in which this would be prohibited. Whilst this information is believed to be reliable, it has not been independently verified and Minerva Analysis LTD makes no representation or warranty (express or implied) of any kind, as regards the accuracy or completeness of this information, nor does it accept any responsibility or liability for any loss or damage arising in any way from any use made of or reliance placed on, this information. Unless otherwise stated, any views, forecasts, or estimates are solely those of Minerva Analysis’ employees, as of this date and are subject to change without notice. We use a combination of fundamental and technical analysis in forming our view as to the valuation and prospects of an investment. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results.

Feed news

Latest Forex Analysis

Latest Forex Analysis

Editors’ Picks

EUR/USD climbs above 1.1250 as investors eye coronavirus headlines

EUR/USD preserved its recovery momentum early Friday and rose above 1.1250 during the European trading hours. Markets are doubting the Fed's policy tightening prospects as the new coronavirus variant revives concerns over the economic recovery losing steam.


GBP/USD rebounds toward mid-1.3300s on broad dollar weakness

GBP/USD reversed its direction after dipping below 1.3300 earlier in the day and started to push higher toward 1.3350. The greenback is facing heavy selling pressure amid the sharp decline witnessed in the 10-year US Treasury bond yield.


Gold clings to strong gains above $1,800 as US T-bond yields plunge Premium

Gold staged a decisive rebound on Friday and reclaimed $1,800. The intense flight to safety is causing US Treasury bond yields to fall sharply and fueling XAU/USD's rally. Investors await news on vaccines' effectiveness against the new COVID variant.

Gold News

Cardano could tank to $1 if ADA fails to defend crucial support

Cardano price is currently hovering below a freshly shattered 6-hour demand zone, ranging from $1.68 to $1.79. This resulting crash could extend to the immediate and critical foothold at $1.40. 

Read more

Black Friday 2021 Discounts!

Do you want to take your trading skills to the next level? Now you have a chance of leaping forward at attractive introductory rates. For Black Friday, FXStreet is offering discounts of up to 50% on its upgraded Premium plans. 

Subscribe now!